By Steve Pincus
For 2 hundred years historians have considered England’s wonderful Revolution of 1688–1689 as an un-revolutionary revolution—bloodless, consensual, aristocratic, and specifically, good. during this remarkable new interpretation Steve Pincus refutes this conventional view.
By increasing the interpretive lens to incorporate a broader geographical and chronological body, Pincus demonstrates that England’s revolution used to be a ecu occasion, that it came about over a few years, now not months, and that it had repercussions in India, North the US, the West Indies, and all through continental Europe. His wealthy historic narrative, in line with lots of recent archival study, lines the transformation of English overseas coverage, non secular tradition, and political financial system that, he argues, used to be the meant outcome of the revolutionaries of 1688–1689.
James II built a modernization application that emphasised centralized keep watch over, repression of dissidents, and territorial empire. The revolutionaries, against this, took benefit of the hot financial percentages to create a bureaucratic yet participatory kingdom. The postrevolutionary English nation emphasised its ideological holiday with the previous and anticipated itself as carrying on with to conform. All of this, argues Pincus, makes the fantastic Revolution—not the French Revolution—the first really smooth revolution. This wide-ranging booklet reenvisions the character of the fantastic Revolution and of revolutions usually, the reasons and effects of commercialization, the character of liberalism, and eventually the origins and features of modernity itself.
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Extra resources for 1688: The First Modern Revolution (The Lewis Walpole Series in Eighteenth-C)
16 For Opposition Whigs, the popular resistance of the revolutionaries in 1688–89 was lawful because they believed deeply in the principle of popular sovereignty. ” Half a century later, the Bristol Baptist and Whig Caleb Evans argued that the revolution marked the triumph of “the immortal Locke, the assertor of liberty” over the defender of patriarchal kingship Robert Filmer. ”17 Opposition Whigs placed far less emphasis on the restoration of the ancient constitution than they did on the transformation of the moral and practical basis of politics brought about by the revolution.
In 1680 Charles XI formally achieved the status of absolute monarch.
Opposition Whigs and radicals placed less emphasis on formal institutions than on a change of political culture. ”18 Opposition Whigs, like the parliamentary managers of 1710, emphasized that the revolution inaugurated an era of religious liberty. ” Many Dissenters and Opposition Whigs believed that the principles of religious liberty set forth at the revolution needed further statutory expansion and elaboration. The Revolution was a beginning not an end. But, they insisted, the revolution had marked a fundamental turning point.