By Robert Bideleux
This welcome moment variation of A background of japanese Europe presents a thematic ancient survey of the formative techniques of political, social and monetary swap that have performed paramount roles in shaping the evolution and improvement of the sector. matters lined contain: japanese Europe in historical, medieval and early smooth occasions the legacies of Byzantium, the Ottoman Empire and the Habsburg Empire the influence of the region's strong Russian and Germanic neighbours rival options of 'Central' and 'Eastern' Europe the event and results of the 2 international Wars kinds of fascism in jap Europe the influence of Communism from the Nineteen Forties to the Nineteen Eighties post-Communist democratization and marketization the eastward growth of the ecu. A background of jap Europe now contains new chronologies – one for the Balkans and one for East-Central Europe – and a word list of key phrases and ideas, supplying finished assurance of a posh earlier, from antiquity to the current day.
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Extra info for A History of Eastern Europe: Crisis and Change
EU leaders decided to include Slovakia, Lithuania, Latvia, Romania and Bulgaria in EU membership negotiations. NATO invited Slovenia, Slovakia and the Baltic states to enter NATO in 2004. A European Council in Copenhagen finalized the (ungenerous) terms on which ECE and the Baltic States could enter the EU. EU Treaties of Accession were approved by referenda in ECE and the Baltic States. Slovenia, Slovakia and the Baltic States entered NATO. ECE and the Baltic States entered the EU, in time to participate in elections to the European Parliament in June.
Montenegro voted in favour of independence from Serbia, and became independent the following month. Albania signed an SAA with the EU. The EU commission recommended that Romania and Bulgaria be allowed to enter the EU in January 2007, albeit subject to continued monitoring and safeguard provisions. NATO leaders invited Montenegro and Serbia to join Partnership for Peace. They also announced that in 2008 Croatia, Albania and Macedonia would be formally invited to become NATO members. A European Council reaffirmed that the Western Balkan states would be admitted into the EU in due course, albeit still without specifying any time-frame.
997–1038) received a royal crown from the Pope. Rebellions by Magyar pagans were ruthlessly suppressed. Hungary occupied inland Croatia and Dalmatia; its ruler Koloman (reg. 1095–1116) was crowned King of Croatia and Dalmatia in 1102. Various Dalmatian ports, fearing Venetian power, subsequently opted for Hungarian overlordship. Gradual subjugation and Christianization of pagan Prussians (Balts) by the Roman Catholic Order of Teutonic Knights. Political fragmentation of the Piast realm. Vienna became the capital of the Ostmark.