By Geoff Layton
Access to background: From Kaiser to Fuhrer: Germany 1900-1945 for Edexcel charts the advancements in Germany from 1900-1945 together with an exam of:
- the second one Reich: society and governent 1900-1919
- the democratic test 1919-29
- the increase of the Nazis
- existence in wartime Germany 1939-45
Throughout the ebook, key dates, phrases and matters are highlighted, and ancient interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are integrated to consolidate wisdom and realizing of the interval, and exam-style questions and information written by way of an examiner give you the chance to strengthen examination skills
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Extra resources for Access to History. From Kaiser to Fuhrer: Germany 1900-1945 for Edexcel
So this leaves the question: Was Wilhelmine Germany an entrenched authoritarian state? It is a demanding task for almost all students seeking a conclusion and it is likely to be frustrating for those who crave certainty. It is impossible to cast aside Kaiser Wilhelm II entirely. It has been suggested that Wilhelm II came to symbolise the inconsistencies of the Kaiserreich. On the one hand, he was a defender of traditional privileges of the Prussian monarchy. On the other, he was an enthusiast for technology, new industries and a world role for Germany.
By this interpretation, the Zabern affair is seen as a classic example of how the army was able to preserve its own authority and status. Nevertheless, the huge public outcry against the army’s action with the Kaiser’s support also gave strong evidence that popular movements were on the increase. Pressures were ‘bubbling up’ to bring about genuine democratic and social change. Summary diagram: Political stalemate Reichstag: • Bethmann’s problem • 1912 election • SPD gains Political stalemate Zabern affair Military spending 5 | The Key Debate The Kaiserreich was, therefore, both socially and politically very complicated.
The motives of Weltpolitik Bismarck had thought of Germany as essentially a European power. While he had no objections to overseas colonies, his priority was to maintain Germany’s powerful position on the continent without alienating Britain. However, the Kaiser himself believed that Weltpolitik would satisfy Germany’s destiny which he aimed to do in the following ways: colonial acquisitions, the establishment of economic spheres of inﬂuence and the expansion of naval power to complement the strength of the army.