By Mark Harrison
How did the Soviet Union evaluate economically with its allies and adversaries earlier than and through international battle II? was once Soviet monetary survival less than substantial German assault to be anticipated? What used to be the price of the struggle in rubles, lives and foregone postwar financial health and wellbeing? during this e-book Mark Harrison solutions those questions, supplying a entire research of the hitherto mystery Soviet statistical checklist.
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Extra resources for Accounting for War: Soviet Production, Employment, and the Defence Burden, 1940–1945
There were several disadvantages to a low GDP per head in wartime. Russia's low prewar GDP per head limited the surplus of resources over basic subsistence which could be diverted from civilian to war uses; it was easier for a rich country than a poor one to commit 50 per cent or more of GDP to military outlays. Low GDP per head also limited the scope for specialisation in the metallurgical and engineering branches of industry essential to manufacture of modern munitions. Moreover, low GDP per head was associated with a lack of development of technological, commercial and administrative services; these were especially important for purposes of wartime regulation, and their absence limited the scope for wartime economic mobilisation.
Thus, the greater the vertical disintegration of the zth sector, the greater will be its gross output. Eliminating the double-counting gives that part of gross output which leaves the zth sector for final or intermediate use elsewhere, x-xir We will call this finished output (not necessarily final output, but at least 'finished with' by the sector of most recent origin). When ex ante final demands (including the demand for net exports, -M) are known, K may be calculated as the matrix of Leontief multipliers given by (I - A)"1, where I is the identity matrix, and A is the matrix of technical coefficients a..
In fact, it will form a Paasche index of volume, weighted in this case by the current (1937) structure of output, as the following expression shows: Paasche volume index = nominal value index Laspeyres price index XXX111 xxxiv Note on index number relativity In this book, the converse is always preferred. Index numbers of real output are always Laspeyres, with 1937 or 1940 as the base year, and price indexes are always Paasche. Where necessary, the nominal value of output is deflated by a Paasche price index to give real output in the Laspeyres form: Laspeyres volume index = nominal value index J Paasche price index = 3*2 3*28 Introduction 'A statistic is just a collection of anecdotes' (Peter Wiles) National accounts are traditionally the concern of the elite.