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Accumulation: The Material Politics of Plastic by Jennifer Gabrys

By Jennifer Gabrys

From nutrition punnets to charge cards, plastic allows all the things of our day-by-day lives. It has develop into critical to tactics of up to date socio-material dwelling. Universalised and abstracted, it is usually handled because the passive item of political deliberations, or a troublesome fabric challenging human administration. yet in what methods may possibly a 'politics of plastics' take care of either its particular manifestation particularly artefacts and occasions, and its complicated dispersed heterogeneity?

Accumulation explores the power and complexity of plastic. This interdisciplinary assortment specializes in how the presence and recalcitrance of plastic unearths the relational exchanges throughout human and artificial materialities. It captures multiplicity by means of attractive with the processual materialities or plasticity of plastic. via a chain of themed essays on plastic materialities, plastic economies, plastic our bodies and new articulations of plastic, the editors and bankruptcy authors study particular facets of plastic in motion. How are a number of plastic realities enacted? What are their effects?

This ebook may be of curiosity to scholars and students of sociology, human and cultural geography, environmental stories, intake experiences, technology and expertise reports, layout, and political theory.

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In addition, nature designs responsive, self-healing structures that quickly adapt to changing environments. Above all, the plastic structures designed by nature avoid the vexing issue raised by human-made plastics, namely accumulating tons of litter all around the world. They are degradable and recyclable. 26 Bernadette Bensaude Vincent Finally, what materials designers most envy is nature’s building processes. Synthetic chemists managed to get polymerization and moulding, matter and form, into one single operation.

However, they generated a deep change in design, and facilitated a new approach to materials research. Plastics, materials, dematerialization 21 Composites and materials by design Because the mechanical properties of heterogeneous structures depend upon the quality of interface between the fibre and the polymer, it was crucial to develop additive substances favouring chemical bonds between glass and resin. The study of interfaces and surfaces consequently became a prime concern, and gradually reinforced plastics gave way to the general concept of composite material (Bensaude Vincent 1998).

The ambition to overtake nature with our artefacts is still very much alive today. It is nevertheless counterbalanced by a back-to-nature movement that emerged in the 1980s. The more pressing the quest for high-performance and multifunctional plastics, the more materials chemists and engineers turned to nature for inspiration. Most of the ‘virtues’ embedded in materials by design – such as minimal weight, multifunctionality, adaptability and selfrepair already exist in natural materials. Amazing combinations of properties and adaptive structures can be found in modest creatures such as insects and spiders.

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