By James Dobbins, Michele A. Poole, Austin Long, Benjamin Runkle
This publication examines how the U.S. has received significant event in nation-building operations via its participation in not less than 8 major operations when you consider that international battle II-in Germany, Japan, Somalia, Haiti, Bosnia, Kosovo, Afghanistan, and Iraq.
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Extra info for After the War: Nation-Building from FDR to George W. Bush
S. S. military wanted to govern through the occupied nation’s government. Only in Japan was that possible. In Japan, military government detachments were sent outside Tokyo. MacArthur’s wartime headquarters staﬀ took up residence in Tokyo to manage the occupation. Soon, experts in such areas as agriculture reform and economics joined the staﬀ to manage the “shadow” government. MacArthur’s Tokyo records describe the system: Since the Japanese civil government was capable of operating, Occupation authorities were relieved from directly administering a “conquered” country; instead, they were charged with seeing that the Japanese government complied with SCAP’s directives.
T What shapes the players’ perceptions and preferences? ) t What determines each player’s impact on results? ) Moreover, the factors that provide an oﬃcial with bargaining advantages in one “action channel” may not confer similar advantages in a diﬀerent setting. 3 The personal approach of individual presidents to decisionmaking is also critically important to the end results. In Presidential Decisionmaking in Foreign Policy, Alexander George presents three “ideal” pres2 Allison and Zelikow (1999, pp.
10). 36 Mayo (1984, p. 44). robin-bobin robin-bobin Post–World War II Nation-Building: Germany and Japan 27 to Eisenhower and Clay, his deputy and later his successor as military governor, that little could be agreed on at the council. S. and British zones, with its capital in Frankfurt, to improve economic recovery. Later, the French zone was included, and the three zones transitioned to a common currency. 37 The de facto split between east and west in Germany began to crystallize. Whereas Germany had been split into four zones, Japan remained whole during the occupation, with General Douglas MacArthur as the supreme authority in the country.