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Arrangements for Preparedness for a Nuclear or Radiological

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Additional info for Arrangements for Preparedness for a Nuclear or Radiological Accident [Safety Gde GS-G-2.1] - IAEA Pub 1265

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16. All States should develop default OILs (see footnote 20) in advance, as part of the preparedness process, for determining whether and when exposure rates or contamination levels warrant taking protective action and other countermeasures in the event of a nuclear or radiological emergency. OILs should be developed for: — The isolation of a contaminated area or dangerous source; — Evacuation or substantial shelter; — Stable iodine prophylaxis; — Decontamination of people; — Decontamination or control of vital equipment, vehicles and personal property; — Immediate medical treatment; — Long term medical monitoring; — Countermeasures against excessive doses from ingestion; — Control of international trade, goods and products.

44. Emergencies resulting in severe deterministic effects among on-site personnel and on-site responders have been postulated or have occurred in facilities in threat categories I, II and III. Facilities in threat category I could also potentially give rise to emergencies that result in severe deterministic effects among the public. 45. Consequently, the Requirements [2] (para. ” These arrangements should include capabilities: — To admit a limited number of personnel from these facilities; — To treat and decontaminate exposed or contaminated patients; — To identify persons needing specialized treatment following radiation exposures; — To control the spread of contamination and to prepare patients for transport to a referral hospital (see Appendix VIII) that can treat persons having received severe overexposures in accordance with Refs [34–36].

To arrange to coordinate the provision of information to the public by national officials, local officials and the operator. 26 For facilities in threat category I, the public information centre should be at a pre-established location. — To give plain language answers to typical questions, descriptions of the risks involved and appropriate actions that the public can take to reduce the risks. — To identify and correct misleading and harmful information. 37. Many emergencies resulting from lost or uncontrolled radioactive sources are first discovered through reports by physicians who have observed medical symptoms that they suspect to be radiation induced injuries [6, 12].

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