By Christian Nellemann et al.
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Additional info for Blue Carbon. A Rapid Response Assessment
A major con tributing factor has been the complexity of marine ecosystems, their status as an interna tional and common property resource, and the absence of robust mitigation metrics. While numerous technical issues await full scientific and political consensus, international climate change instruments need to remain open to the development of agreed mechanisms and measures which support marine ecosystem coherence and resilience and build on the strong synergies between mitigation and adaptation.
2008). Andrews et al. (2008) calculated that the net effect of returning of returning some 26 sq km of reclaimed land in the UK to intertidal environments could result in the burial of about 800 t C year−1. g. EU members, USA, among others). This involves the regulation of activities responsible for their global loss, including coastal reclamation, deforestation of mangrove forests, excess fertilizer application on land crops and inputs of urban organic waste, siltation derived from deforestation on land, unsustainable fishing and fixing of coastlines through coastal development (Duarte, 2002; 2009).
2003, Canadell et al. 2007). However, only a portion of this carbon is actually stored permanently in the oceans, as much is recycled and released back within a few decades. Coastal ecosystems are currently storing an amount of carbon equivalent to around 25% of the estimated annual increase of approximately 2,000 Tg C yr-1 in the atmosphere. mented (including slowing deforestation and wide afforestation programmes), would by 2050 according to the IPCC amount to approximately 12–15% of the required emission reductions.