By Brendan Smith
There's a growing to be curiosity within the historical past of kin one of the English, Scottish, Welsh and Irish because the uk and eire start to build new political preparations and to turn into extra absolutely built-in into Europe. This booklet brings jointly the newest paintings on how those relatives built among 900 and 1300, a interval the most important for the formation of nationwide identities. Little has been released hitherto in this topic, and the publication marks a huge contribution to an issue of lasting curiosity.
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Extra info for Britain and Ireland, 900-1300: Insular Responses to Medieval European Change
Scandinavian raiders 29 horrors of warfare, and in Ireland as early as the late seventh century, the CaÂin or Law of AdomnaÂn provided the same safeguards. And while atrocities did occur among Christian warriors, there were ideals to be formally proclaimed by clergy, and there were sanctions against those who over-stepped the bounds of acceptable behaviour. Repeated contemporary references to the slaying of women and children by Northmen show how raiders playing by a different set of social rules could terrorize an entire population.
It was largely Norse greed, rather 80 81 83 84 Einarsson, `De Normannorum Atrocitate', p. 80; Smyth, Scandinavian Kings, pp. 190±4. 82 Wallace-Hadrill, Vikings in Francia, p. 10. a. 832, pp. 290±1. Â CorraÂin, Ireland before the Normans, p. 90. ), Annals of St-Bertin, p. 91, n. 10, where that writer suggests Bishop Immo of Noyon was slain in 859 by Northmen as a captive on the march because he may have offered them resistance. There is no evidence to support such an idea. Besides, any resistance would have been extremely dif®cult if not impossible for captives who had been surprised in a night attack.
91 As a grandson of Charlemagne and abbot of Francia's leading monastery, Louis was a rich prize for the Northmen to have captured. 93 The captive Cyfeiliog had been `taken with them to the ships'. In his will, King Edward's father, Alfred the Great, had left 100 pounds each, to his wife and three daughters. a. 859, p. 91. 90 AU (see under relevant years). AU (see under relevant years). a. 858, p. 86. , p. 86 and n. 5. a. 914, EHD, i, p. 194. Smyth, King Alfred the Great, p. 420. Scandinavian raiders 23 paid for a bishop on a remote Welsh frontier was a considerable sum of money.