By Magnus Andersson
This ebook takes a long term view of environmental coverage in Poland, which hence serves to illustrate to extend our figuring out of environmental coverage making usually within the former jap bloc international locations. the point of view followed additionally contains the pre-transition interval, because the transformation procedure can't be understood with no connection with the previous interval. The ebook investigates the riding forces underlying coverage adjustments, either ahead of and after the transition, and identifies components either one of swap and continuity - subject matters that experience hitherto been overlooked within the literature.
a transformation of political procedure in Poland didn't bring about a massive switch within the thrust of environmental coverage: the coverage makers followed a wary method of new tools and associations throughout the transition interval. What did switch with the transition used to be the implementation element: the effectiveness of environmental coverage elevated dramatically after the abolition of socialism. the rule of thumb of legislations intended that the kingdom management and the polluters have been subordinated to the criminal process, hence expanding the ability to environmental coverage.
Readership: Researchers and scholars attracted to the surroundings and the international locations in transition.
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Extra info for Change and Continuity in Poland’s Environmental Policy
34 Stages in the policy process A considerable body of literature on the policy-making process divides this process into a number of distinctive stages. In sum, "ne studies first how policy problems arise and appear on the agenda of government decision making, then how people formulate issues for action, next how legislative action follows, how administrators subsequently implement the policy, and finally at the end of the process, how policy is evaluated" (Lindblom, 1980: 3). The starting-point for the policy process is the appearance of a problem.
First, not all countries use uniform emission limits, which means that there is little incentive to develop the flexibility that a system with marketable pennit implies. Second, environmental organizations tend to object the idea that a fIrm can acquire a right to pollute. ) are typically higher under emission trading than under a system of uniform emission standards. These costs are likely to be borne by the administration who therefore may be resistant to reform (WeaIe, 1992). 28 emission trading have been frequently debated in Poland in the 1990s (see Chapter 6).
I will use the ACF to analyse Polish environmental policy in the era of transition to a market-based economy and political democracy. As the ACF is based on western insights of policy-making, environmental policy in Poland may serve as an interesting case to clarify whether the application of this model can be extended to "non-western" cases. Before presenting this model in some detail it is useful to dwell on some of the key concepts used in analysis of public policy which also appear in the ACF.