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Chemical pesticide markets, health risks and residues by Jeremy Harris

By Jeremy Harris

Biopesticides sequence, No. 1During fresh a long time there was a gentle bring up within the use of chemical insecticides in either built and constructing international locations. This has triggered common quandary approximately their influence on human well-being and at the surroundings. this is often quite the case in much less constructed international locations that could lack applicable assets to minimise dangers and rectify problems.The objective of this brief booklet is to supply a overview of: Chemical pesticide markets, together with international figures, exports from built international locations, and markets in Latin the US, Asia and Africa details at the scale of manufacture, import, export and use of chemical insecticides Examples of direct dangers to human welfare by way of acute poisonings attributable to occupational publicity and pesticide residues in meals Examples of issues of the garage of out of date shares of insecticides in constructing countries.The concentration is on acute difficulties in constructing international locations, relatively in Latin the United States, Asia and Africa, yet a few info is usually supplied approximately constructed countries.This is the 1st quantity in a brand new 'Biopesticides sequence' built through the Biopesticides Programme at CABI Bioscience.

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Pesticides in China. Global Pesticide Campaifiner, Yol4 No 1, March 1994 India A study on pesticide poisoning found that out of 635 pesticide poisoning cases, only 189 were reported to the hospital. About 25% of these cases were accidental and pesticides were the main toxic agents. The study uncovered farmer practices that included exposure to spray drift and use of the mouth to siphon pesticides from the container. M. t Application of Agro-chemicals and Bio Products in South and SoWh-East Asia, proceedings of the International Workshop,28-30 May 1997, Asian Institute of Technology, Thailand Pesticides News 38, December 1997, Page 16 In April 1990, over 100 people died after attending a wedding feast in Northern India when lindane powder was mistakenly added to the flour of a wedding meal.

These highly hazardous chemicals can be applied by spray workers with inadequate training and equipment and in excessive quantities, resulting in unsafe levels of residues on the food products. Consumption of food with high levels of chemical pesticide residues can cause acute poisonings while the chronic effects of consuming lower levels of pesticides over a long period of time are still not fully known. In addition, local economies can suffer when exports from developing countries are adversely affected through the enforcement of embargoes following the discovery of high residues.

J. "Safety research study", Pesticides News 40, June 1998, pages 8-9 Senegal Pcsticide containers are often reused by rural women to carry or store their crops. In 1983, 19 people died following a meal prepared with cooking oil that had been stored in a bottle that had contained parathion. The woman that prepared the meal committed suicide because she thought her couscous was responsible for the deaths. In another case, a mother accidentally killed her daughter by using an endosulfan based preparation to treat head lice.

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