By Bruce Mazlish
“Civilization” is a continuously invoked time period. it really is utilized by either politicians and students. How worthwhile, actually, is that this time period? Civilization and Its Contents strains the origins of the concept that within the eighteenth century. It indicates its use as a colonial ideology, after which as a help for racism. The time period used to be prolonged to a lifeless society, Egyptian civilization, and used to be appropriated through Japan, China, and Islamic nations. This latter improvement lays the basis for the modern demand a “dialogue of civilizations.” the writer proposes in its place that this present day using the time period “civilization” has an international that means, with neighborhood versions well-known as cultures. it can be extra acceptable, even though, to desert the identify “civilization” and to target a brand new figuring out of the civilizing strategy.
Read or Download Civilization and Its Contents PDF
Similar historiography books
Three maps Joseph A. Amato proposes a daring and cutting edge method of writing neighborhood historical past during this ingenious, wide-ranging, and deeply attractive exploration of the that means of position and residential. Arguing that folks of each position and time deserve a background, Amato attracts on his historical past as a eu cultural historian and a prolific author of neighborhood background to discover such themes because the heritage of cleanliness, sound, anger, insanity, the clandestine, and the surroundings in southwestern Minnesota.
Richard Hofstadter (1916-70) used to be America’s such a lot distinctive historian of the 20 th century. the writer of a number of groundbreaking books, together with the yankee Political culture, he used to be a energetic champion of the liberal politics that emerged from the recent Deal. in the course of his approximately thirty-year profession, Hofstadter fought public campaigns opposed to liberalism’s such a lot dynamic competitors, from McCarthy within the Fifties to Barry Goldwater and the solar Belt conservatives within the Sixties.
Whereas an exile from Constantinople, the twelfth-century Byzantine functionary and canonist John Zonaras culled past chronicles and histories to compose an account of occasions from production to the reign of Alexius Comnenus. For subject matters where his assets are misplaced or look somewhere else in additional truncated form, his testimony and the id of the texts on which he relies are of serious value.
Carr's objective is to stipulate a distinctively phenomenological method of heritage. background is mostly linked to social lifestyles and its prior, and therefore his inquiry specializes in our event of the social international and of its temporality. How does historical past bridge the distance which separates it from its item, the previous?
- The Historiography of Communism
- Oral History, Oral Culture, and Italian Americans (Italian and Italian American Studies)
- Databases in Historical Research: Theory, Methods and Applications
- What Is Enlightenment?: Eighteenth-Century Answers and Twentieth-Century Questions (Philosophical Traditions)
Extra resources for Civilization and Its Contents
When the natives demonstrate stratification practices, Cook praises them for this mark of civilization. On the other hand, in an un- 36 Civilization as Colonial Ideology usual slip, he refers to the New Zealanders as “Indians,” placing them with the inferior beings of the New World. Reversion to revulsion is always just below the surface. A primer for the latter attitude is cannibalism. As Cook says, “we were struck with horror,” when viewing the bones of a human body picked clean. Evidence was everywhere and repeated, as was Cook’s repulsion.
One of Europe’s earliest attempts to define itself involves the putting forth of an exclusive creed (matched by one on the other side of the frontier). The frontier itself, over time, kept shifting; one thinks of the jihads and Reconquistas. Christianity as a unifying force in the West (no matter how divided in fact internally) required fixity, however, and total separation from its Islamic opponent across the frontier. ” Given such a conviction, it is then only by conquering the other and incorporating him in one’s own creed and culture, rather than by accommodation, that one can break out beyond one’s own frontier and “civilize” the 24 Civilization as Colonial Ideology barbarians on the other side.
Whatever the arguments, the contest on the ground was 26 Civilization as Colonial Ideology won largely by the holders of the latter view. Nevertheless, this element in the emergence of the notion of civilization was tinged with bad conscience. Christianity and its “civilizing mission” became the ideological salve to justify early European imperialism. ”7 The argument as to whether Christianity was a vital part of the concept of civilization persisted for a long time, as did the growing conviction for some that it was, in practice, as barbarous a religion as the ones that it sought to displace.