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Clan, King and Covenant: History of the Highland Clans from by John L Roberts

By John L Roberts

Extended family, King and Covenant explores the turbulent heritage of the Highlands throughout the 17th century. The signing of the nationwide Covenant in 1638 first challenged the powers of Charles I in Scotland, however it was once in basic terms while Alisdair MacDonald joined Montrose in elevating the Royalist clans that the rustic erupted into civil conflict. valuable to the clash was once the traditional enmity among the MacDonalds and the Campbells, Earls of Argyll, as extended family Donald tried to reclaim their ancestral lands in Argyll. There a whirlwind yr of striking victories for Montrose within the identify of the King because the Highland clans emerged upon the nationwide degree, sooner than his crusade subsided into eventual defeat. but it was once in simple terms after the recovery of Charles II sour and persistent fight broke out among Church and Crown, after Bishops have been reappointed to the nationwide Church. Political and non secular tensions fastened with the acession of James VII of Scotland (James II of britain) as a Catholic

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Extra resources for Clan, King and Covenant: History of the Highland Clans from the Civil War to the Glencoe Massacre

Sample text

A Scots army under the command of Alexander Leslie, first Earl of Leven, now entered England, where it helped to defeat the Royalist army at the critical battle of Marston Moor in June 1644, after which the military struggle increasingly favoured the Parliamentary forces, especially after their victory at Naseby in July 1645. It was only now that the Highland clans were finally drawn into the conflict in support of Charles I under the leadership of James Graham, fifth Earl of Montrose, who by then had abandoned his erstwhile support of the Covenanting regime.

It proceeded to make a constitutional revolution in a sitting that lasted for only nine days, effectively destroying the power of Charles I to rule as an absolute monarch in Scotland, while preparing for an invasion of England. Suppression of Royalist Resistance But before the Scots army of the Covenant finally invaded England to force Charles I into accepting their demands, the Covenanters had first to deal with the remaining pockets of Royalist resistance within the country. Already, the Covenanters had strengthened their hold on the north-east, where General Robert Munro had occupied Aberdeen and the surrounding districts with a thousand men, seizing many Royalist lairds with the help of the Earl Marischal, and breaking down castles and fortified houses to render them indefensible.

It first ratified all the acts passed at the General Assembly of the previous year, declaring Episcopacy to be against God’s will, and asking the Privy Council to make the signing of the National Covenant mandatory on all his Majesty’s subjects in Scotland. After approving the acts of the General Assembly, over which it had authority, Parliament then laid the foundations for a constitutional revolution that reached its climax in 1641. Its proceedings so alarmed Charles I that he ordered that Parliament be prorogued until 2 June 1640, evidently hoping by then to have subdued the Covenanters by force.

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