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Cultural Atlas of Russia and the Former Soviet Union by Robin Milner-Gulland, R. R. Milner-Gulland, Robin

By Robin Milner-Gulland, R. R. Milner-Gulland, Robin Miner-Gulland with Nikolai Dejevsk

The Russian Orthodox Church is at present celebrating its millennium, person who coincides nearly with the documented heritage of Russia itself. That 1000-year heritage - either political and cultural - is the crucial topic of this quantity. After due acknowledgment of the Hellenistic, Slav, Viking and Byzantine backgrounds, the old account opens with the conversion of Rus to Christianity within the tenth century and with the early facilities of civilization at Kiev, Novgorod and Vladimir. centuries of Tatar rule divide the autumn of Kievan Russia from the increase of Muscovy, however the medieval interval of Russian background doesn't absolutely finish until eventually after the accession of Peter the good in 1682. Peter's reforms and extrovert rules, precursors of past due 20th-century improvement, all of sudden projected Russia onto the heart degree of global politics - a place which, for larger or worse, it hasn't ever relinquished. a gap portion of the atlas presents the geographical and ethnic context for the cultural historical past that follows, the publication ends with a excellent portrait in maps, textual content and photographs of every state in the former Soviet Union at the present time.

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New literature of his Slav converts. The curious thing is that we do not know for certain what alphabet that was. The Cyrillic alphabet, which in several variants is used in the Orthodox Slav countries to this day, is named after him. It is based closely on the Greek alphabet, with a dozen or so (the number has varied through time and according to location) additional letters invented to represent Slavonic sounds not found in Greek. Some of the earliest Slav manuscripts to come down to us are in Cyrillic (particularly those from Russia); others however use the very strange script known as Glagolitic, and it is this that many scholars believe St Cyril to have invented.

Poses, both to hand: the casually rests his Opposite center This comb (early 4th century bc) was found in the Solokha barrow in the Ukraine. On its crest a mounted Scythian warrior, backed up by a foot soldier, is poised to thrust his spear at an unhorsed opponent. Left A masterpiece of Greco-Scythian goldsmithing of the 4th century bc, this pectoral was discovered in a mound south of Dnepropetrovsk in 1971. Its outer register depicts animals in their wild and ferocious aspect: pairs of griffins attack horses, lions maul a stag a boar while hounds pursue hares.

Kievan Rus. 960 I | I 1 religions, it was to neither of the obvious alternathat it turned, but to Christianity or Islam Judaism: the only such conversion of a non-Jewish nation in history. Various historians, including Arthur Koestler, have speculated that the large Jewish population of Eastern Europe in later centuries was partly a legacy from Khazaria. By the 9th century the circumstances were right for the coalescence and political development of the East Slav tribes into a great nation: Kievan Russia.

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