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Culture and Retardation: Life Histories of Mildly Mentally by Robert D. Whittemore, L. L. Langness, Paul Koegel (auth.),

By Robert D. Whittemore, L. L. Langness, Paul Koegel (auth.), L. L. Langness, Harold G. Levine (eds.)

Mental retardation within the usa is at present outlined as " ... signif­ icantly subaverage normal highbrow functioning present simultaneously with deficits in adaptive habit, and manifested in the course of the improvement interval" (Grossman, 1977). Of the anticipated six million plus mentally retarded participants during this kingdom absolutely seventy five to eighty five% are thought of to be "func­ tionally" retarded (Edgerton, 1984). that's, they're mildly retarded individuals with out obvious natural etiology or demonstrable mind pathology. regardless of the fairly contemporary addition of adaptive habit as an element within the definition of retardation, 1.0. nonetheless is still because the crucial diagnostic criterion (Edgerton, 1984: 26). An 1.0. less than 70 shows subaverage functioning. in spite of the fact that, even such an "objective" degree as 1.0. is prob­ lematic because various facts point out fairly basically that cultural and social components are at play in judgements approximately who's to be thought of "retarded" (Edgerton, 1968; Kamin, 1974; Langness, 1982). hence, it's been identified for rather it slow that there's a shut courting among socio-economic prestige and the superiority of light psychological retardation: greater socio-economic teams have fewer mildly retarded people than reduce teams (Hurley, 1969). equally, it's transparent that ethnic minorities within the usa - Blacks, Mexican-Americans, American Indians, Puerto Ricans, Hawaiians, and others - are disproportionately represented within the retarded inhabitants (Mercer, 1968; Ramey et ai., 1978).

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