Raftul cu initiativa Book Archive

Comparative Religion

Defenders of Reason In Islam: Mu'tazilism and Rational by Richard C. Martin

By Richard C. Martin

Drawing on texts either old and glossy, this booklet explores rational theology in Islam, from 9th and 10th century Mu'tazilism to rationalist modernist scholarship.

Show description

Read Online or Download Defenders of Reason In Islam: Mu'tazilism and Rational Theology from Medieval School to Modern Symbol PDF

Best comparative religion books

Ritual and Its Consequences: An Essay on the Limits of Sincerity

This pioneering, interdisciplinary paintings exhibits how rituals let us stay in a perennially imperfect global. Drawing on various cultural settings, the authors make the most of psychoanalytic and anthropological views to explain how ritual--like play--creates ''as if'' worlds, rooted within the creative means of the human brain to create a subjunctive universe.

Holy Fools in Byzantium and Beyond (Oxford Studies in Byzantium)

There are saints in Orthodox Christian tradition who overturn the normal inspiration of sainthood. Their behavior can be unruly and salacious, they might blaspheme or even kill--yet, mysteriously, these round them deal with them with much more reverence. Such saints are referred to as "holy fools. " during this pioneering research Sergey A.

Gods in the Global Village: The World’s Religions in Sociological Perspective

In an international laid low with spiritual clash, how can many of the spiritual and secular traditions coexist peacefully in the world? And, what function does sociology play in aiding us comprehend the kingdom of non secular lifestyles in a globalizing international? In the Fourth Edition ofGods within the international Village, writer Lester Kurtz keeps to handle those questions.

Prophecy in the New Millennium: When Prophecies Persist

Secular and non secular prophets of doom abound within the information-rich twenty-first century - as they've got for millennia. yet there has but to be world wide floods, meteor influence, worldwide desktop failure, visible alien touch, or direct intervention from God to finish the realm as we all know it. contemplating the frequency with which prophecy it seems that fails, why do prophecies remain made, and what social features do they serve?

Additional resources for Defenders of Reason In Islam: Mu'tazilism and Rational Theology from Medieval School to Modern Symbol

Sample text

38. His reference is to Niklas Luhmann. Funktion der Religion (Frankfurt: Suhr Kamp, 1 982 [I977]), pp. 59-6 1. 32. The presumed opposite of ijtihad, taqlid, "unquestioning obedience," can be understood rather as the logical consequence of ijtihad. Taqlid as "strict obedience" is appropriate once one has established through the power of one's intellect (ijtihad) the proper interpretation and application of the Shari'a in a particular context. In this sense, ijtihad is the foundation of taqlid and implies it, and taqlid relies on the informative function of ijtihad.

Sufi orders (tariqas) formed religious and social organizations that would weather the political vicissitudes of the later Middle Ages. A century after 'Abd al-Jabbar, the greatest Sunni theologian, Abu Hamid al-Ghazali (d. 35 'Abd al-Jabbar was the last great thinker of a school of thought that was already on the wane during the last years of his life. There were many reasons why Hanbali traditionalists, Ash'ari mutakallimun, and others had been able to displace the Mu'tazila from the prominence the school had enjoyed in the ninth and tenth centuries.

For a discussion of tradition and modernization in Muslim societies, see Eickelman and Piscatori, Muslim Politics, pp. 22-30. 24. We will use the more common singular form "Hadith" for both singular and plural senses of the term. 25. See 7 25 of Kitab 01-usul 01-khomsa below. Mu'tazili discourse tended to stress the concept of "salihun" rather than "salafiya," that is, the virtue of the model to be emulated, and not just the members of the first three generations as such. 26. The Shi'a made yet another claim, that interpreting the meaning of the texts was the prerogative of the Imams, the limited number of designated descendants (five, seven, o r twelve) of the Prophet through his cousin and son-in-law 'Ali.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.74 of 5 – based on 37 votes