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Environmental Economics

Developing Markets for Agrobiodiversity: Securing by Alessandra Giuliani

By Alessandra Giuliani

?This incredible ebook demonstrates how rural livelihoods - in addition to diets, wellbeing and fitness and methods of lifestyles - are more suitable via the so-called ?neglected and underutilized plant species? which, within the book?s Syrian case research, comprise such deliciously fascinating issues as capers, laurel, jujube and figs. utilizing worth chain research the writer illuminates the possibilities for strengthening arid land economies with recognition to such species, whereas concurrently retaining the variety and integrity of these plant genomes, landscapes and cultures. And retaining the realm worthy tasting.? KEN WILSON, govt DIRECTOR OF THE CHRISTENSEN FUND ?Alexandra Giuliani promises a powerful and extremely useful account of ways biodiversity items derived from overlooked and underutilized plant species input the markets in Syria. through highlighting the price of those plant items for the kinfolk source of revenue and healthiness prestige of marginal farmer households in rural drylands and semi-arid components, she brings the message domestic as to why it's so very important to take care of biodiversity of the genetic assets now not by means of defense on my own, yet really via their really apt use.? KATHARINA JENNY, SENIOR consultant, FEDERAL division OF overseas AFFAIRS, SWISS corporation FOR improvement AND COOPERATION simply 4 vegetation - maize, potatoes, rice and wheat - offer greater than ninety in line with cent of the world?s nutrition. outdated sorts of even those vegetation are disappearing as farmers and shoppers attempt for extra uniformity in foodstuff items. This in flip impacts much less seen parts, akin to bugs that play a job in pollinating crops or controlling pests and the soil organisms that aid crops extract food from the soil. additionally, farmers desire a wide base of agrobiodiversity which will reply and adapt to environmental alterations and to enhance their construction. this is often specially very important within the face of weather switch and altering financial and political pressures. This publication from Bioversity overseas describes a research carried out in Syria of the way groups are constructing markets for neighborhood items derived from ignored and underutilized vegetation. in keeping with concrete case reports, the information and approaches documented during this e-book express the potential for biodiversity to make an important contribution to livelihood protection in groups that inhabit tough environments with specified assets. The learn additionally highlights the significance of neighborhood cultural wisdom and associations in sustainable improvement of biodiversity markets. released with Bioversity foreign.

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Extra resources for Developing Markets for Agrobiodiversity: Securing Livelihoods in Dryland Areas (Earthscan Research Editions)

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In addition to the above collections, the SINGER system reports: • Banco Base Nacional de Germoplasma, Instituto de Recursos Biológicos,INTA, Castelar, Prov. de Buenos Aires, Argentina. indd 39 5-04-2007 14:34:52 40 Developing markets for agrobiodiversity • Centre for Genetic Resources, The Netherlands (CGN), Wageningen, The Netherlands. • Horticultural Research Section, Agricultural Research Corporation, Wad Medani, the Sudan. • Plant Genetic Resources Department, Aegean Agricultural Research Institute, Izmir, Turkey.

Figs can be grown on a wide range of soils, including heavy clays, loams and light sands, but ideally the soil should be well drained. ). The fig plant is very adaptable, growing in all five areas surveyed, and it is believed to have been grown for more than 4000 years over a large area of Syria, despite agro-climatic variability and contrasting environments. indd 23 5-04-2007 14:34:41 24 Developing markets for agrobiodiversity of pH and salinity. It can grow in rocky areas and can withstand drought and high temperatures (ICARDA 2001).

The bulk of exports are agriculture based, manufacturing is based on agro-processing, a large share of trade and commerce is based on agriculture, and many services are linked to agricultural production (Sarris 2003). Moreover, a large proportion of employment derives from agriculture. In 2001, the agricultural sector provided employment to about 32% of the workforce. However, there is great variability in employment, due to varying climatic conditions, which have substantial impact in terms of seasonal labour force requirements in major crops (cotton and cereals) (CBS 2001).

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