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Eco-Labelling and International Trade by Simonetta Zarrilli, Veena Jha, Rene Vossenaar, United

By Simonetta Zarrilli, Veena Jha, Rene Vossenaar, United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

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The scheme appears tu be popular and successful with over 1200 firms having sought the label, 10 per cent of which were non-German. None of these was from a developing country, and the only non-EUIEFTA country was Yugoslavia. This is attributed to the fact that the products covered are not normally imported from developing countries. Further, it is noted that there has not been any complaint about the scheme being a trade barrier. The paper goes on to suggest that a multilateral approach to eco-IabelIing would be desirable, to ensure harmonization and mutual recognition.

32. Environmental Choice Programme, Environment Canada, "Dealing with the Trade Barrier Issue", in this volume. 33. L. B. Campbell, "International Environmental Standards: Their Role in the Mutual Recognition 01' Eco-Iabelling Schemes", in this volume. 2 Eco-Labelling and International Trade: The Main Issues Rene Vossenaar l INTRODUCTION A Background Eco-Iabelling aims to promote the consumption and production of environmentally more "friendly" products by providing information to consumers on their environmental effects, in principle based on a lifecycle approach.

For example, a study has been commissioned to identify and prioritize possible product and service categories, based on the estimated environmental benefits of their inclusion in the programme, their sales volumes (considering both household expenditure and government procurement) and possible industry response. 6/2, Box 4). In most eco-Iabelling programmes, there is a public-review process of draft criteria before final product criteria are published. Any interested party, including foreign producers, can take advantage of this process.

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