By David Toke
This e-book develops a brand new concept of "identity" ecological modernization (EM), to investigate renewable background and coverage improvement in lots of of the world's states, that are top the force to put in renewable power. "Identity EM" issues how an has arisen allied to environmental NGOs to problem the ascendancy of traditional power applied sciences.
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Extra info for Ecological Modernisation and Renewable Energy (Energy, Climate and the Environment)
There is some discussion of this issue in Chapter 3, when I analyse arguments about planning consent for wind farms through a frame of ‘conflicting identities’. Second, Hajer says very little about the involvement of environmental NGOs or environmental activists in promoting technological solutions themselves, or how initiatives initially dubbed by some as ‘intermediate technology’ have developed into mainstream renewable energy technologies. Indeed, by failing to emphasise the evolution of technologies (such as renewable energy) as distinctive new industries, often arising in conflict with the existing industrial establishment, Hajer wrongly gives up a lot of argumentative territory to that of the allegedly ‘techno- corporatist’ mainstream EM.
2007; Shackley et al. 2005). Environmental groups are certainly unwilling to leave such matters to the electricity industry. Is Hajer (and Christoff) ‘weak’ on technology? However, the approach within this book also diverges from Hajer (1995) in several important respects. One of these concerns technology. This book’s analysis is centrally concerned with the development of technology – renewable energy technologies – but Hajer (1995) and Christoff (1996) tend to see the technological focus of mainstream EM as a matter for criticism.
Arguments about the future (and often even current) costs and resources of different energy technologies will be heavily conditioned by the values underpinning the paradigms to which a given actor/interest group is affiliated. This is a fundamental point about renewable energy policy, since it is a matter of public debate and controversy and not merely a matter for discussion in boardrooms of multinational corporations where the main concern is (short-term) corporate profitability. Almost by definition, in the case of renewable energy, ecological rationality does (and should) come before economic rationality.