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Encomium of Ptolemy Philadelphus (Hellenistic Culture and by Theocritus

By Theocritus

Less than Ptolemy II Philadelphus, who governed Egypt in the midst of the 3rd century B.C.E., Alexandria grew to become the intense multicultural capital of the Greek global. Theocritus's poem in compliment of Philadelphus--at as soon as a Greek king and an Egyptian pharaoh--is the single prolonged poetic tribute to this awesome ruler that survives. Combining the Greek textual content, an English translation, a whole line-by-line observation, and huge introductory experiences of the poem's historic and literary context, this quantity additionally deals a wide-ranging and far-reaching attention of the workings and illustration of poetic patronage within the Ptolemaic age. particularly, the publication explores the delicate and complicated hyperlinks between Theocritus's poem, modes of compliment drawn from either Greek and Egyptian traditions, and the next flowering of Latin poetry within the Augustan age. because the first unique account of this crucial poem to teach how Theocritus may have drawn at the pharaonic traditions of Egypt in addition to past Greek poetry, this booklet offers particular perception into how compliment poetry for Ptolemy and his spouse can have helped to barter the difference of Greek tradition that modified stipulations of the hot Hellenistic global. important for its transparent translation and its observation on style, dialect, diction, and historic reference with regards to Theocritus's Encomium, the e-book can be major for what it unearths concerning the poem's cultural and social contexts and approximately Theocritus' units for addressing his a number of readerships.COVER photograph: the picture at the entrance disguise of this publication is incorrectly pointed out at the jacket flap. the proper caption is: Gold Oktadrachm depicting Ptolemy II and Arsinoe (mid-third century BCE; via permission of the Museum of excellent Arts, Boston).

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61 POETS AND PATRONS Plutarch preserves an account, partly from the historian Douris of Samos (late fourth–early third century), of the honors bestowed upon the Spartan admiral Lysander in the period immediately after the Peloponnesian War: Lysander was the first Greek to whom the cities erected altars as to a god and made sacrifices, and he was the first to whom paians were sung. The opening of one of these [PMG 867] is recorded: to;n JEllavdo" ajgaqeva" stratago;n ajp j eujrucovrou Spavrta" uJmnhvsomen w] ije; Paiavn.

Esp. Pfeiªer 1968, 87–104; Fraser 1972, 1: chap. 6; Weber 1993, 87–95; Burton 1995, chap. 4. The extent of our ignorance is rightly stressed by Goldhill (1991, 272–74). 69. Saller 1982, 1. 72 It is perhaps hardly bold to conclude that EP seeks patronage (in a very loose sense of the term) through victory at one of the rich network of poetic festivals behind which lay, and which in turn reinforced, Ptolemaic political power and wealth, but that is unilluminating as long as no relationship between poet and ruler can be established; the mere fact that Theocritus seems to have composed a group of “Ptolemaic” poems (Idyll 15, EP, Berenice, and perhaps others),73 probably all close in time to each other, remains without an explanatory context in the absence of evidence from beyond the poems themselves.

156. 55. Cf. Arist. fr. 646–47 Rose; 104–5n. below. ”58 For Francis Cairns, “[ Theocritus] could not . . ”59 It may be wondered how vv. 85–94 and 102–3 avoid this “credibility gap,” if that indeed is the way the strategy of the poem is to be interpreted. ”60 56. The “actions” of a single basileus were also a standard structural form for Hellenistic historiography; cf. the writers gathered in FGrHist 154–99. 57. 20 Spengel; Cic. De or. 345–48. 58. Perrotta 1978, 83. 59. Cairns 1972, 111. 60. Cairns (1972, 112) at least recognizes the problem.

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