By John Wilson, Griffin Burgh
Energizing our destiny surveys and analyzes in substantial intensity the current and destiny monetary and technical viability of oil, normal gasoline, coal, man made gas, nuclear, hydrogen, sun, biomass, wind and no more famous strength strength assets within the context of real-world construction, distribution, and environmental constraints. for instance, the authors rigorously and factually debunk the parable, perpetuated by way of Lovins, Rifkin and others, that we're "running out of oil."
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Additional resources for Energizing Our Future: Rational Choices for the 21st Century
CO2 in atmosphere is slowly converted into carbonic acid. 2% is in the strong acid form. As this acidic water falls to the ground, it dissolves carbonate and silicate bearing rock according to the equations: Carbonate weathering CaCO3 þ H2 CO3 ! Ca2þ þ 2HCO3À Silicate weathering CaSiO3 þ 2H2 CO3 ! Ca2þ þ 2HCO3 À þ SiO2 þ H2 O The resultant Ca2þ, SiO2, and HCO3 are then returned to the ocean via streams and rivers; calcium carbonate precipitates in the ocean and is used by organisms that make shells and skeletal structure: Carbonate mineral deposition Ca2þ þ 2HCO3 À !
Most growing plants absorb CO2 as part of the carbon cycle involved in their growth. , from soluble bicarbonates). Certain minerals (mostly complex magnesium silicates) also act as CO2 sinks, forming equally complex mineral carbonates. As a result, the net impact of human activity on CO2 levels in the atmosphere has been very small although oceanic CO2 levels have increased appreciably. 3% and 1% of its baseline level or 90–300 ppmv per year, apparently due to ocean warming. If we assume as ﬁrst approximation that the effect on infrared radiation of water vapor in air is linear with concentration,20 it completely overwhelms the inﬂuence of CO2.
Although there is increasing certainty of the reality of global warming, the claimed correlation between the two has always been subject to misinterpretation by the environmental lobby and the media. For Example, in his popularized movie An Inconvenient Truth, Al Gore uses Antarctic ice core records of CO2 and temperature from oxygen isotope inferences to illustrate the correlation between the two. But a more thoughtful analysis reveals that there are a number of other climate forcings besides CO2 that contribute to the change in Antarctic temperature.