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Engineering textiles : research methodologies, concepts, and by Alexandr A. Berlin, Roman Joswik, Vatin Nikolai Ivanovich

By Alexandr A. Berlin, Roman Joswik, Vatin Nikolai Ivanovich

This quantity offers the fabric technology neighborhood with a discussion board for severe, authoritative reviews of advances within the self-discipline of fabric engineering. Reporting on contemporary advances with major purposes in cloth engineering, the chapters are written through across the world well-known researchers. This booklet covers a large number of vital suggestions and advances within the box, including:

• functions of nonwovens in cloth engineering

• cloth waste remedy to be used in emulsion rubbers

• Parameters of polyhydroxybutyrate nanofibers

• practise of amines to be used in fabric engineering

• development in photovoltaic textile

• New functions in nanoengineering fabrics within the fabric industry

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Extra resources for Engineering textiles : research methodologies, concepts, and modern applications

Example text

Single-guide bar structure is called tri- © 2016 by Apple Academic Press, Inc. 18 Engineering Textiles: Research Methodologies, Concepts, and Modern Applications cot, whereas the two-guide bar structure is often referred to as full tricot. The nature of this fabric is very textile-like, soft and flexible. At one time it was widely used for curtaining but is now used as a backing fabric for lamination, as covering material for mattresses and beds and as the fabric in training shoes. In deciding whether to use pillar or tricot stitch, both have a similar strength in the machine direction, but in the cross direction the tricot stitch fabric is stronger, owing to the underlaps lying in that direction.

In certain nonwoven structures, the fibers can be aligned in the fabric plane and nearly vertical to the fabric plane. The structure of a needle punched fabric is frequently simplified in this way. In this case, the structure of a three-dimensional nonwoven may be simplified as a combination of two-dimensional layers connected by fibers orientated perpendicular to the plane (Fig. 12). The fiber orientation in such a three-dimensional fabric can be described by measuring the fiber orientation in two dimensions in the fabric plane [14].

Measuring the orientation is one of the applications of the FT method. The algorithm is fast and does not need high computational power for the calculations. The HT method is used in estimating fiber orientation distribution directly. The advantage of this method compared with other indirect methods is that the actual orientation of the lines is included directly in the computation of the transform. The capability of the HT method in object recognition is used to measure the length of the straight lines in the image.

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