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Environmental Assessment of Lightweight Electric Vehicles by Patricia Egede

By Patricia Egede

This monograph adresses the problem of the environmental review of leightweight electrical automobiles. It poses the query even if using light-weight fabrics in electrical cars can decrease the automobiles’ environmental impression and compares the environmental functionality of a light-weight electrical automobile (LEV) to different varieties of cars. The topical strategy makes a speciality of equipment from existence cycle evaluate (LCA), and the booklet concludes with a accomplished idea at the environmental review of LEVs. the objective viewers essentially contains LCA practitioners from learn institutes and undefined, however it can also be necessary for graduate scholars focusing on the sector of environmental review.

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In: Braess H, Seiffert U (eds) Vieweg-Handbuch Kraftfahrzeugtechnik, 7th edn. Springer Vieweg, Wiesbaden, pp 222– 295 Roesky O, Bodmann M, Mummel J, Kurrat M, Köhler J (2015) Impact of losses on the charging strategy of electric vehicles. In: Hybrid and electric vehicles: 12th symposium, Stadthalle Braunschweig, 24–25 Feb 2015. ITS Niedersachsen, Braunschweig Samuel S, Austin L, Morrey D (2002) Automotive test drive cycles for emission measurement and real-world emission levels-a review. Proc Inst Mech Eng Part D J Automobile Eng 216 (7):555–564.

1998), Finnveden and Moberg (2005), European Communities (2001), Wackernagel and Rees (1996), Melnyk et al. (2003). The method LCA is suited for the assessment of the use of natural resources and environmental impacts of products (Finnveden and Moberg 2005). When the purpose of the study is the assessment of a product over its entire life cycle, an LCA is the only method to choose. By definition, an environmental assessment of a product is an LCA (Finnveden 2000). Because LEVs are a product and the goal is to assess their environmental impact, the method LCA is described in detail in the following.

Hence, they can reduce negative impacts of vehicles on the environment and improve living conditions especially in large cities. • The propulsion energy comes from electric energy which is transformed into mechanical energy. Therefore, EVs emit no emissions at their place of use. This makes them attractive for large cities which suffer from severe air pollution. • EVs can use electricity generated from renewable sources. This leads to a low environmental impact of the use phase and relieves the pressure on fossil resources.

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