By B.-A. Szelinski (auth.), B. Paukštys, F. Fonnum, B. A. Zeeb, K. J. Reimer (eds.)
Environmental infection and Remediation Practices at Former andPresent army Bases outlines the various techniques which are valuable within the research and next remediation of army bases, specific awareness is paid to the toxins of groundwater. The ebook comprises a very good evaluation of worthwhile remediation strategies and a number of other examples in their program to polluted army bases. numerous mathematical types are validated, displaying their predictive worth for genuine examples.
a close checklist is given of chemical pollution that may be came across on an army base. techniques are defined for the research and resolution of the way forward for a polluted army website. Examples are given, received from sensible adventure of facing previous, infected sites.
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Extra resources for Environmental Contamination and Remediation Practices at Former and Present Military Bases
Garrison (barracks ofmotorised unit) Description of estate: Edge-of-town location with adjacent residential quarter and commercial areas Size: about 15 hectares Military use since 1935, used by WGT from 1945 to 1993. Earmarked for subsequent use by police Investigations made: Inventory and preliminary assessment Orientational and detailed investigations including risk assessment • Setting up of seven groundwater observation wells • 110 bore probings • Collection and analysis of 14 groundwater samples, 340 soil samples and 12 samples from residues in the sewer system • Organoleptic assessment of the structures 29 Results of risk assessment: Thirteen suspect sites Contaminants found: hydrocarbons, heavy metals (mercury, cadmium, lead, zinc) Affected medium: soil (close to surface), amount of contaminated soil: 10,770 m3 contaminated with hydrocarbons and 3,430 m3 contaminated with heavy metals No hazard to groundwater catchment or drinking water protection zones Partial contamination of structures Contaminated solid residues in the sewer system Suggested remediation: Parts of the contaminated soil with IR-determined hydrocarbon concentration > 1,500 mg/kg dry matter to be cleaned by micro-biological degradation of contaminants, using specific facilities (on-site or off-site).
An expression of this is that the discontinuation of military use has been accompanied by comprehensive programmes of the Federal Government and the federal Lander aimed at compiling a record and evaluating the status of contamination of these sites. Measures to avert imminent hazards as well as the recording of military sites throughout Germany was largely completed in 1995, including the development of general procedures and instruments for the treatment these sites. Future tasks comprise detailed hazard assessment and the containment/decontamination of contaminated sites as an integral part of the activities to convert former military sites to civilian uses.
References I. 2. 3. 4. 5. Der Rat von Sachverstandigen fiir Umweltfragen (1995) Sondergutachten Altlasten ll, Metzler-Poeschel, Stuttgart. 1995. 1996. Jessberger, H. L. lXXII. , (1994) Kosten und Finanzierungsbedaif der Altlastensanierung in den neuen Bundeslandem, Zeitschrift fiir angewandte Umweltforschung, Sonderheft 5 Altlastensanierung, Berlin, Analytica, S. 21 - 35. CURRENT AND FUTURE RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS OF THE FEDERAL MINISTRY FOR THE ENVIRONMENT ON CONTAMINATED MILITARY SITES SILVIA REPPE Federal Environmental Agency Bismarckplatz 1 14193 Berlin Germany As a result of the political changes in Europe and the concomitant disarmament process, military use of about 50% of what once were 1 million hectares of land used for military purposes has ceased since 1991.