By Andreja Kutnar, Subramanian Senthilkannan Muthu
This publication offers a finished description of conventional and cutting edge forest-based bioproducts, from pulp and paper, wood-based composites and wooden fuels to chemical substances and fiber-based composites. The descriptions of alternative forms of forest-based bioproducts are supplemented through the environmental affects enthusiastic about their processing, use, and end-of-life part. additional, the opportunity of reusing, recycling and upgrading bioproducts on the finish in their projected lifestyles cycle is mentioned. because the depth of call for for woodland biomass is presently altering, forest-based industries have to reply with cutting edge items, enterprise types, advertising and administration. As such, the ebook concludes with a bankruptcy at the bioproducts company and those items’ position in bioeconomies.
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Extra resources for Environmental Impacts of Traditional and Innovative Forest-based Bioproducts
056 Oneil E, Bergman R, Han H, Eastin I (2013) Comparative life-cycle assessment of California redwood decking Patterson J (2001) New opportunities with wood-flour-foamed PVC. J Vinyl Addit Technol 7:138–141. 10281 Pritchard G (1998) Plastics additives: an A–Z reference. Springer Science and Business Media, Berlin Pritchard G (2004) Two technologies merge: wood plastic composites Geoff Pritchard describes how wood and resin are being. Plast Addit Compd 48:18–21. 1016/S0034-3617(04) 00339-X Qiang T, Yu D, Zhang A, Gao H, Li Z, Liu Z, Chen W, Han Z (2014) Life cycle assessment on polylactide-based wood plastic composites toughened with polyhydroxyalkanoates.
As expected, WPC specimens that had been exposed to accelerated weathering experienced lower mechanical performance than those that were unweathered. Specimens that had higher loading levels of wood ﬁller experienced more mass loss and in specimens that were exposed to accelerated weathering, the mass loss was almost double that of unweathered specimens. This was believed to be due to the degradation of the polymer at the surface of the specimens. While the HDPE was not substantially degraded due to biological decay in the soil contact tests, it may have been degraded when exposed to UV in the weathering treatments.
7 Summary WPCs are a product category with many existing and emerging applications. The vast majority of WPCs are used for exterior decking and other exterior board applications. This market continues to grow in North America, is beginning to grow in Europe, and rapid growth is expected in China. Automotive applications continue to grow as well, however, competition in this subsector from other ﬁbre sources poses a risk for WPCs. In both these primary uses, wood is used to reduce the cost and weight of plastic products as well as to improve material properties such as strength.