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Environmental Implications of Expanded Coal Utilization. a by M. J. Chadwick

By M. J. Chadwick

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Additional info for Environmental Implications of Expanded Coal Utilization. a Study By: The Beijer Institute The United Nations Environment Programme The U.S.S.R. Academy of Sciences

Sample text

A. 5 1-2 (%) content Sulphur Quality characteristics value Coal in the Future World Energy Scene 25 26 Environmental Implications of Expanded Coal Utilization costs. But most studies carried out on the national and international level show that present-day energy prices should be able to cover reclamation, some desulphurization and dust control costs. According to a recent study (OECD, 1978) the cost of desulphurization and particle control would be in the order of 3-12% of the total cost of energy produced from coal.

Therefore, study and classification of such properties of disturbed substrates are considered as very important. 2 Classification of Mining Land Disturbance The following classification, of land disturbance due to coal mining, is adapted from a more general and comprehensive classification by Motorina and Ovchinnikov (1975) and Bauer and Weinitschke (1973). The classifications of Motorina and Ovchinnikov (1975) include one based on relief features and another on overburden characteristics. , they can be adapted for other countries.

U N , New York. U N ( 1 9 7 8 ) . World Energy Supplies: 1973-1978. Statistical Paper J 2 2 . U N , Nev York. 30 Environmental Implications of Expanded Coal Utilization W E C (1978). World Energy resources: 1985-2020. I P C Science and Press, Guildford. W E C (1980). W o r l d coal trade t h r o u g h the y e a r 2000 - rapid g r o w t h changes. Proceedings of the 11th World Energy Conference, Vol. Ia. and T e c h n o l o g y Press, Guildford. W I L S O N , C . (1980). Coal-Bridge to the Future: Report of the World WOCOE.

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