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Environmental Indicators for Building Design: Development by O. Guerra Santin

By O. Guerra Santin

IOS Press is a global technology, technical and clinical writer of top of the range books for teachers, scientists, and pros in all fields. many of the components we put up in: -Biomedicine -Oncology -Artificial intelligence -Databases and data structures -Maritime engineering -Nanotechnology -Geoengineering -All features of physics -E-governance -E-commerce -The wisdom economic system -Urban reviews -Arms keep an eye on -Understanding and responding to terrorism -Medical informatics -Computer Sciences

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Migration from the countryside to cities causes poverty and marginality. [ 47 ] Migrants tend to establish themselves in the periphery of the cities, often in dangerous or protected areas. These illegal establishments are characterised by a lack of infrastructure and basic services. Even though eventually the government may provide the necessary infrastructure, it may take some years to happen. These houses are made of non-permanent materials. Social problems are frequently seen in poor or deteriorated neighbourhoods where houses or apartments are small and badly designed causing lack of privacy and overcrowding.

699. 3 shows the trend in roof tile materials. In 1970, roof tiles made of clay were used about 10% more often than concrete tiles. Since this decade, the percentage of clay tiles has decreased while the percentage of concrete tiles has increased. Therefore, we can conclude that at the beginning of the 20th century, most roof tiles were made from clay. Modern reference house Census data was also used for the selection of a modern reference house. The factors that are taken into account are: socioeconomic level, size of dwelling, number of rooms, materials and construction processes, type of energy used in the region and water treatment.

The layout of the building is also important for flexibility. 8). n , the amount of structural walls in the layout of the dwelling. Interior structural walls (D-U7) refers to the percentage of interior structural walls. Exterior structural walls (D-U8) refers to the percentage of exterior structural walls. The purpose is to evaluate the flexibility of the building. Internal structural walls reduce the possibilities for redesigning the layout of the plan. An open plan with load bearing walls in the outline of the building is more flexible than a house with internal structural walls.

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