By David Carr
Carr's function is to stipulate a distinctively phenomenological method of historical past. background is generally linked to social lifestyles and its prior, and hence his inquiry specializes in our event of the social global and of its temporality. How does historical past bridge the space which separates it from its item, the previous? in contrast heritage a phenomenological technique, in line with the idea that of expertise, can be proposed as a way of fixing this challenge, or not less than addressing it in a fashion that takes us past the concept of a niche among current and past. Read more...
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Additional info for Experience and History : Phenomenological Perspectives on the Historical World
In short, processes of experiencing” (p. 8). He opposes the reduction of experience to knowledge “at the expense of objects of enjoyment and trouble, friendship and human association, art and industry” (p. 32). ). And so we seem to have come full circle, with the return to experience as the return to innocence! And yet it is easy to see that Dewey’s incredibly broad, almost unmanageable concept of experience includes elements of much that we have encountered so far. Clearly his concept shares certain features with Lebensphilosophie, and is perhaps closest to what we have identified as the long-term, cumulative, trial-and-error sense of experience found in Hume and Hegel.
But it need not be so; even while the melody is sounding, especially in an extended piece, and the past phases are still held in retention, I can recollect one of those phases and bring it explicitly to mind. In this case the recollected is drawn from within the horizon of retention. Since the background of retention recedes 36 experience and history indefinitely into the past, there is a sense in which it is very long term, even if parts of it are indistinct. Since anything recollected must first have been perceived (or at least be thought to be perceived), in a certain sense every recollection comes from within, not from outside, the broader horizon of retention.
Sense one seems entirely rooted in the present; if it is our direct encounter with the things and events around us, it seems to be entirely in the present and to link us to what is itself in the present. Sense two might seem more promising, since it includes an implicit reference to past instances and thus to the past. Yet in a sense it too is focused on the present, since it brings past instances to bear on present experience. If there is a temptation to think of sense two as simply sense one plus memory, then this temptation should be resisted as overly simplistic.