By Douglas Johnston
For many of the 20th century, the main severe issues of nationwide safeguard were stability of strength politics and the worldwide hands race. The assaults of September eleven, 2001 and the factors at the back of them, in spite of the fact that, call for a thorough holiday with this practice. If the USA is to be successful in its long term contest with extremist Islam, it'll need to think again outdated assumptions, extend the scope of its considering to incorporate faith and different "irrational" components, and be keen to go away from previous perform. A only army reaction in response to such assaults will easily now not suffice. what's going to be required is a long term technique of cultural engagement, subsidized through a deeper figuring out of ways others view the realm and what's very important to them. In non-Western cultures, faith is a major motivation for political activities. traditionally disregarded by way of Western policymakers as a divisive impression, faith in reality has major capability for overcoming the stumbling blocks that result in paralysis and stalemate. The incorporation of faith as a part of the answer to such difficulties is so simple as it's profound. it really is lengthy past due. This publication seems at 5 intractable conflicts and explores the potential of drawing on faith as a strength for peace. It builds upon the insights of faith, the lacking size of Statecraft (OUP,1994)--which tested the function that non secular or non secular components can play in fighting or resolving conflict--while attaining social switch in line with justice and reconciliation. The world-class authors writing during this quantity recommend how the peacemaking tenets of 5 significant international religions might be strategically utilized in ongoing conflicts within which these religions are concerned. ultimately, the commonalities and variations among those religions are tested with an eye fixed towards extra functions in peacemaking and clash solution.
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Extra info for Faith-Based Diplomacy: Trumping Realpolitik
When dealing with the religious sphere, NGOs bring resources to bear that governments would be hard pressed to match. For example, the work that the World Conference on Religion and Peace does in coordinating the peacemaking efforts of church leaders around the world certainly falls into this category, as do the efforts of the lay Catholic community of St. Egidio with governments and church leaders in resolving conﬂicts and providing humanitarian relief, also on a global basis. Yet another example of a germane prevention capability that Western governments would ﬁnd difﬁcult to emulate is the approach used by one NGO in which multi-skilled, interreligious action teams are deployed to trouble spots where conﬂict threatens.
J. and Rodney L. Petersen (Philadelphia: Templeton Foundation Press, 2001), p. 118. 13. W. Miles, “Political Para-Theology: Rethinking Religion, Politics, and Democracy,” Third World Quarterly 17, no. 3 (1996), p. 525. 14. Indeed, as reﬂected in a recent Gallup poll, 95 percent of Americans say they believe in God or a universal spirit, and 48 percent say they had talked about their faith in the workplace in the past twenty-four hours.
2–9 IR 03561. 6. Douglas Johnston, “Religion and Culture: Human Dimensions of Globalization,” in The Global Century: Globalization and National Security, ed. by Richard L. Kugler and Ellen L. Frost. (Washington, D. : National Defense University Press, 2001), p. 676. 7. David Smock, “The Third Annual Perlmutter Lecture on Ethnic Conﬂict, Religion, and International Peacemaking,” Foreign Policy Research Institute Wire 9, no. 4 (March 2001), note 4. 8. “Shoso Club: Why Japanese Politics Is Stagnated,” Sapio (November 26, 1999), p.