Raftul cu initiativa Book Archive

Environmental Economics

Fostering Innovation for Green Growth (OECD Green Growth by OECD

By OECD

Innovation is essential to eco-friendly development. It is helping decouple development from common capital depletion and contributes to financial development and activity construction. company is the driving force of innovation, yet governments have to supply transparent and strong marketplace indications, e.g. via carbon pricing. This booklet explores coverage activities for the deployment of latest applied sciences and strategies as they emerge: funding in learn and improvement, aid for commercialisation, strengthening markets and fostering expertise diffusion. pageant might be necessary to convey out the simplest suggestions.

Show description

Read or Download Fostering Innovation for Green Growth (OECD Green Growth Studies) PDF

Best environmental economics books

Sustainable Land Management Sourcebook (Agriculture and Rural Development)

Guidelines selling pro-poor agricultural progress are the most important to aid nations in achieving the Millennium improvement targets particularly the objective of halving poverty and starvation by way of 2015. the general public quarter, deepest region, and civil society corporations are operating to reinforce productiveness and competitiveness of the rural region to lessen rural poverty and maintain the usual source base.

Construction Contractors' Survival Guide

Content material: bankruptcy 1 coping with with self belief (pages 1–13): bankruptcy 2 components of Contractor Failure (pages 15–34): bankruptcy three raise in venture measurement (pages 35–44): bankruptcy four switch in Geographic situation (pages 45–55): bankruptcy five swap in form of building (pages 57–64): bankruptcy 6 exchanging Key body of workers (pages 65–71): bankruptcy 7 Managerial adulthood (pages 73–81): bankruptcy eight Accounting platforms (pages 83–91): bankruptcy nine comparing agreement Profitability (pages 93–100): bankruptcy 10 apparatus expense keep an eye on (pages 101–111): bankruptcy eleven Billing techniques (pages 113–119): bankruptcy 12 The Use and Misuse of pcs (pages 121–126): bankruptcy thirteen different matters (pages 127–135):

Any Way You Slice It: The Past, Present, and Future of Rationing

Rationing: it’s a word—and idea—that humans frequently detest and worry. future health care professional Henry Aaron has in comparison stating the opportunity of rationing to “shouting an obscenity in church. ” but societies in reality ration nutrients, water, remedy, and gasoline forever, with those that pays the main getting the main.

Additional info for Fostering Innovation for Green Growth (OECD Green Growth Studies)

Sample text

1). In most of these areas, the United States, Japan and Germany account for most of the links to green patents (OECD, 2010d). 1. 8% Immunology and Microbiology Energy (100% = all citations) Environmental science Scientific papers Source: OECD calculations, based on Scopus Custom Data, Elsevier, July 2009; OECD, Patent Database, January 2010; and EPO, Worldwide Patent Statistical Database, September 2009. Similar mappings have been made in other fields. All point to the growing multidisciplinarity of research, where scientific progress depends on research efforts across a wide range of fields.

The main reason for this funding gap is that the further the horizon, the higher the financing risk for seed and early stage venture funds of being unable to ensure a successful exit or to raise follow-on funding before the end of the life of the venture fund (Nanda and Rhodes-Kropf, 2010). These projects are therefore very hard to fund with either project or debt financing or venture capital and can fall into the “Valley of Death”. 5. Financing of risky projects and example of clean-tech investments Project finance/ existing firms Hard to fund (“Valley of Death”) Bank debt/ existing firms low Venture capital Technology risk high Capital intensity of project high Capital intensity of project high x x x x Wind farms Utility-scale solar ‘First-gen’ biofuel refineries Fabs for solar cells using established technologies x Wind and solar components of proven technologies x Internal combustion engines x Insulation / Building material x Energy efficiency services low x First commercial plants for unproven solar cell technologies x Advanced biofuel refineries x Offshore wind farms x Carbon sequestration x Energy efficiency software x Lighting x Electric drive trains x Fuel cells / Power storage x Wind and solar components of unproven technologies Technology risk Source: Ghosh and Nanda, 2010.

The economic benefits of this model are less evident than in the other business models, but the sharing of products may pave the way for new products to the market. Source: FORA (2010). FOSTERING INNOVATION FOR GREEN GROWTH – © OECD 2011 42 – 1. INNOVATION IN GREEN GROWTH STRATEGIES Notes 1. An interim report was prepared for the MCM in 2010 (OECD, 2010a). 2. g. g. g. g. design and introduction of entirely new solutions. 3. Sustainable Chemistry: Evidence on Innovation from Patent Data, Risk Management Series No.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.21 of 5 – based on 7 votes