By Professor Benjamin Cashore
In recent times a startling coverage innovation has emerged inside international and household environmental governance: certification structures that advertise socially liable company practices through turning to the marketplace, instead of the nation, for rule-making authority. This ebook files 5 instances within which the woodland Stewardship Council, a wooded area certification programme subsidized through top environmental teams, has competed with and landowner-sponsored certification platforms for legitimacy. The authors evaluate the politics at the back of woodland certification in 5 nations. They give some thought to why there are variations locally, speak about the effect the wooded area Stewardship Council has had on different certification programmes, and examine the power of non-public wooded area certification to handle international wooded area deterioration.
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Extra info for Governing through Markets: Forest Certification and the Emergence of Non-State Authority
With regard to the FSC’s core audience of most major environmental groups in Canada, the US, Europe, and elsewhere, moral legitimacy is not only given, it appears to be a prerequisite for participation by these groups. Since these groups exist to promote environmental protection, they will only grant moral legitimacy to a non-state market-driven governance system that reﬂects their overall values. Second, moral legitimacy acts as a brake on how far non-state market-driven governance systems can conform, or not conform, to achieve pragmatic legitimacy from non-core economic audiences.
The chapters to follow reveal governments increasingly lending support when they see certiﬁcation as providing them some relief from constant environmental group scrutiny to the point that they become unofﬁcial observers in FSC processes. The role of government is even more direct in the ﬁsheries sector, where governments were directly involved in drafting the UN FAO’s ‘‘Code of Con- 22 Global Environmental Governance duct for Responsible Fisheries,’’ upon which the MSC standards are based. Similarly the US EPA was heavily involved in creating standards governing the certiﬁcation of organic food in the US.
The remainder of this book proceeds as follows. Part II addresses the case of forest certiﬁcation in BC and the US. Part III explores the European cases of Germany, the UK, and Sweden. Each chapter follows the same format: ﬁrst a detailed description of the explanatory factors, followed by a historical account of the way these factors mediated efforts on the part of the FSC to gain support from forest companies and non-industrial forestland owners. The concluding chapter to this book contains three sections.