By R. H. Britnell
It is a examine of 1 of England's crucial fabric cities throughout the overdue center a while. It attracts largely upon unpublished documents in Colchester and in other places, and is the 1st heritage of a medieval English city to examine in conjunction the relationships among abroad exchange, city improvement and alterations in rural society. First it describes Colchester within the previous fourteenth century, its exchange, its agricultural surroundings and its type of govt. The publication then exhibits how cloth-making grew in Colchester after the Black dying and the way the inhabitants elevated until eventually approximately 1414. the consequences of this for the govt of the borough and for the town's position within the neighborhood economic climate are mentioned. The final part indicates that Colchester's development was once no longer sustained throughout the 15th century, and examines many of the causal hyperlinks among fiscal contraction, institutional swap within the borough and agrarian melancholy within the surrounding geographical region.
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Additional resources for Growth and Decline in Colchester, 1300-1525
263. Morant, Colchester, i, p. 8. 6/839/ 1 8, mm. 6/839/ 19, mm. I r, 2r. The miller of Lexden Mill was not reported by lawhundred juries in any documented court before 1 352 : CR 9/3d, 6r. Cf Essex Sessions, ed. Furber, p. 63. RPB, fos. 48r, 56r. , fos. 67r-68r. g. CR 2/2r. LB, fos. 60v-62r, 97r,v, I OOr,v, 1 8 1 v- 182r, 1 99v-201 v. CR 6/l d, 5d. 51 To judge from the abbots' successes in establishing their case, the burgesses were inclined to rush into bad causes, making life difficult for any bailiff who did not want unnecessary disturbances.
At Michaelmas 1 3 1 1 there were eight water mills at work i n the liberty of Colchester. On the stretch of the Colne to the north of the town were North Mill by North Bridge, Stokes Mill at the end of Land Lane69 and between •• •• E. Lipson, The Economic History of England, i, 1 2th edn (London, 1 959), pp. 452-3. 6/839/ 1 8, m. 2r,d. A will proved in 1 330 bequeaths meadowland lying in Estmadwe lying south ofStockesmelne: CR 3 /Sr. Urban economy 21 them, Middle Mill lying to the north of the castle.
1 48r,v. Co/ch. , ii, pp. 508-9. Cal. Pat. , 1343-5, pp. 98-9; Essex Sessions, ed. Furber, pp. 62-3. 32 Rusticity, 1300-49 deduced from the kind of men who were chosen to be bailiffs. That they were drawn from the wealthiest of Colchester's townsmen goes without saying, so that most of them, even those from a mercantile background, owned property around the town. But the available biographical infor mation about them strongly suggests that these men were not usually merchants. Only one third of them had any interest in trade or industry.