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Environmental Economics

Hazardous Chemicals in Products and Processes: Substitution by Andreas Ahrens, Angelika Braun, Arnim Gleich, Kerstin

By Andreas Ahrens, Angelika Braun, Arnim Gleich, Kerstin Heitmann, Lothar Lißner, A. Effinger, M. Weiß, C. Wölk

Substitution of detrimental elements is a prioritised aim in chemical rules and probability administration. despite the fact that, it really is skilled as a difficult activity with usually inconsistent effects. in response to 13 case stories, this publication analyzes substitution as an innovation approach and makes an attempt to offer solutions to the next questions: Why and lower than which situations are businesses capable and keen to alternative harmful components? What are the most drivers and the most boundaries? within which approach can communique alongside the provision chain help environmental innovation? How can threat administration properly take care of the inability of data, with uncertainties and incomplete wisdom in regards to the attainable results of alternative components? concepts for motion are supplied for advertisement and nation associations and shoppers and therefore for all actors engaged within the eu reform of chemical compounds coverage following the achieve method.

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Extra resources for Hazardous Chemicals in Products and Processes: Substitution as an Innovative Process (Sustainability and Innovation)

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Within the scope of a scientific examination. The ability to become entrenched is however underestimated, with inertia doubtless being a significant barrier. Voluntary innovation efforts are considered to be unnecessary additional stress in established routines. This observation is however not restricted to supposedly conservative factory owners, who at best fear liability problems or financial risks. It applies to workers and technicians alike, to purchasing department and management, to associations and scientific branch institutes as well as to sub-contractors of machinery, components and auxiliary equipment, in which the chemicals are used.

This was not yet the case for asbestos producers in the 1970s, as their names were unknown outside specialised groups. However, most consum- 47 NONS (1996), EUREX (1999), EuroCad (2001), SENSE (1998), SENSE (1999), ECLIPS (2004) 48 Ordinance on requirements for discharging waste water in waterways – Waste Water Ordinance, 15th October 2002 36 2 Initial situation and analysis of deficits ers are familiar with the names of international brand textile producers, chemicals companies or automotive groups.

One of the main justifications of the EU Commission for the need to improve chemicals policy. 2 Scientific range of instruments Progress in analysis as well as in toxicology and ecotoxicology has doubtless also contributed to intensifying the public debate concerning the risks relating to hazardous substances. The analytical methods and the range of instruments used in the sciences involved in substance and risk assessment have become much more differentiated and also more comprehensive. From the metrology aspect alone, much more precise substantiation methods have been developed.

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