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High altitude energy: a history of fossil fuels in Colorado by Howard Lee Scamehorn

By Howard Lee Scamehorn

This can be a well timed, articulate background of coal, coke, oil, fuel, and oil shale extraction and construction in Colorado. Scamehorn examines the starting place, evolution, and facets of the social and monetary effect of those industries in Colorado. He treats all the gasoline assets individually from their discoveries and preliminary creation within the 19th century to the power problem of the 1970's, throughout the 1980's, and as much as the current strength issues. In detailing the state's lengthy background of fossil gas creation, Scamehorn completely dissects the arguments and conclusions of the household strength shortages made in the course of the many years because the moment global conflict. modern readers - confronted with both ever expanding power expenditures or arguable plans to drill in nationwide flora and fauna refuges - could be inspired through the timeliness of Scamehorn's research of the failure of the USA govt to accomplish power independence.

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The stack ovens, a variation on what was called the Belgium design, were rectangular in shape, and proved to be less efficient than the beehive model. A washer, added in 1879, removed dirt and debris from coal before it entered the ovens. This reduced the ash content of the coke to levels requested by smelter operators. El Moro coke was uniformly hard, cellular in structure, and, according to company officials, comparable, except in price, to Connellsville coke, 26 Smelter Fuel, 1877–1930 the recognized benchmark for quality.

Its only in-state competitor, and a minor one at that, was the Victor Fuel Company. That enterprise had its origin with the Gray Creek Coal and Coking Company, organized by Delos Chappell, a prominent Trinidad businessman, in September 1887. The mine and ovens were six miles east of Trinidad. The Gray Creek Company merged in 1889 with the Colorado 30 Smelter Fuel, 1877–1930 Coke Company, another of Chappell’s enterprises, to form the Victor Coal Company, which opened mines and erected ovens at Hastings, northwest of Trinidad.

In the 1920s, as mines had closed or reduced their workforces, many unemployed miners opened small wagon or truck mines in the hope of supplying local markets. The “big three” companies absorbed the major impact of the recession. In the 1920s the Colorado Fuel and Iron Company’s operating properties shrank from twenty-two to eleven, the Rocky Mountain Fuel Company’s from sixteen to six, and the Victor-American Fuel Company’s from nine to four. 7 million tons. A severe blow to the Colorado industry was the substitution of fuel oil for coal by the region’s railroads, and the importation of natural gas, commencing in 1928, from Texas to supply homes, businesses, and industries along the Eastern Slope.

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