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**Example text**

Other lands. C. ment as the creation of this calendar, a better one than was used in Europe from the time of the Romans until the reform of Gregory XIII (1582), and in some respects better than the one used at present, shows a high development of computation as well as of astronomy. No authentic record of mathematical progress in any other country dates back as far as this it reaches back even into the Stone Age, more than a thousand years before the earliest stone masonry and long before any people had the slightest idea of an alphabet as we understand the term.

52 ten per loaf when baked, so that the sizes evidently varied. 38 ten per loaf when delivered. The first account may be represented as follows ? : 107,893 loaves weigh 6121 loaves weigh 364,371 ten together they weigh 385,971 ten there 21,600 ten 6,354 ten is left 392,325 ten the total being The problem in itself is of little the practical use of large Rameses numbers II divides the Land. moment except as it shows in these early times. At the close of SetiWelatively short reign his son, Rameses II (c.

1807); M. Elphinstone, History of India, p. 136 (London, 1849 * A. Hillebrandt, Alt-Indien, p. in (Breslau, 1899)- * BABYLON Lack of Authentic Records. D. we can glean from her two great epics, the Mahabharata and the Ramayana, and from coins and a few inscriptions. The Mahabharata relates the skill in numerals possessed by the ancient heroes, and the inscriptions tell us something of the notation used by the Hindus two thousand years ago, but c. rs before our era. The Vedas, the sacred writings of India, lead us to understand that in this period some attention to astronomy, as was the case in contemporary was given China, Mesopotamia, and Egypt.