By Barbara Jelavich
Quantity I discusses the heritage of the key Balkan nationalities. It describes the differing stipulations skilled lower than Ottoman and Habsburg rule, however the major emphasis is at the nationwide hobbies, their successes and screw ups to 1900, and where of occasions within the Balkans within the diplomacy of the day.
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Extra resources for History of the Balkans, Volume 1: Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries
In general, they lived in communities where the village held in common the forest, pasture, and water rights, but the individual families controlled their own land. In contrast, conditions might be much worse for those who cultivated the estates of the nobility or the church and were tied to the land under various conditions o f bondage. In its general attributes Balkan serfdom resembled its Western counterpart. Usually the lands o f an estate were divided, with one section worked by the peasants for the lord’s benefit and the other subdivided into individual plots for village use.
Their great est medieval ruler was Stephen (997—1038), who was crowned king in iooo and later canonized. As the patron saint of Hungary, his name was associated 19 Introduction w ith H ungarian state territory, which came to be referred to regularly as “ the lands o f the crow n o f St. ” In the future the history o f H u ngary was to be closely associated w ith that o f C roatia and the R om anian principalities, in particular Transylvania. In 1102 the king o f H u n gary succeeded to the Croatian crow n under circumstances that w ill be described in a subsequent section.
O n the eve o f the O ttom an invasion, a band o f Slavic-speaking people separated the Romanians and Hungarians in the north from the Albanian- and G reek-language areas to the south. In each region the population represented a fusion o f original inhabitants w ith subsequent invaders, an am algam ation achieved through m ilitary conquest by a stronger group, the absorption o f one people by another o w in g to the w eigh t o f num bers, o r the acceptance o f another language because o f the cultural attraction offered by a m ore advanced civilization.