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HIV/AIDS in Russia and Eurasia by Judyth L. Twigg

By Judyth L. Twigg

Russia and some different Eurasian nations were domestic to the fastest-growing epidemics of HIV on this planet over the past numerous years. A learn released via the U.S. nationwide Intelligence Council in 2002 pointed out Russia between 5 ''second wave'' international locations prone to adventure explosive additional raises in HIV/AIDS over the subsequent decade if acceptable measures should not taken. HIV/AIDS within the post-Soviet period can be speedily evolving into not just a humanitarian quandary, but additionally an important political, financial, and nationwide protection factor for the affected international locations themselves and for the remainder of the realm. No unmarried quantity has been released that addresses the a number of points of the epidemic for this crucial a part of the area.

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Extra resources for HIV/AIDS in Russia and Eurasia

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Moreover, denying the existence of sex work in the USSR contributed Early Days of the HIV/AIDS Epidemic 17 to distrust in official information, since ordinary people could see the problem growing around them. Mirroring a familiar pattern, the Soviet Union also long denied the existence of drug use within its borders. Its blindness to drug use extended beyond even that of the other risk groups. As late as October of 1988, Dr. Valentin Pokrovskiy, a chief AIDS researcher and scientist, emphasized the low incidence of drug use in the USSR: “The incidence of [intravenous] drug abuse .

22 Murray Feshbach In sum, shortages of disposable syringes and needles plagued the period. Production planning was ineffective in responding quickly and efficiently to demand. As a result, the spread of HIV in hospitals from dirty needles and syringes was all but inevitable. What happened in Elista was a sad but probably inevitable intersection of ignorance, negligence, and ill-preparedness. An outbreak in this small city (population 85,000) in the Kalmyk Autonomous Soviet Republic occurred in late January 1989 due to the multiple reuse of an unsterilized syringe.

It was a political terrain that produced the proto-democratic, chaotic, corrupt, weak state of the Yeltsin era. But it is also this very terrain that has produced a neoauthoritarian, more predictable, corrupt, strong state of the Putin era (Shevtsova, 1999 and 2003). Most contemporary analysis focuses on how the current Russian political system has evolved to be very different from the Russian political system of just five years ago. Wallander willingness and capacity of the Russian political system to cope with the challenge, it is as important to understand their commonalities.

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