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Comparative Religion

Indian Wisdom: Examples of the Religious, Philosophical, and by Monier Williams

By Monier Williams

First released in 1875, this ebook displays a transforming into nineteenth-century British curiosity in South Asian tradition and literature. In it Monier Williams, the Professor of Sanskrit at Oxford, outlines the styles of proposal and customs of the Hindu faith. He additionally describes the nature and content material of Sanskrit literature, which had now not formerly been tried in English. in response to Williams, Sanskrit literature holds the foremost to a whole figuring out of Hinduism. He makes it unequivocally transparent that Britain's colonial carry over India includes a specific accountability and certainly chance to check the 3 religions confronting Christianity there, specifically Brahmanism, Buddhism and Islam. Monier Williams writes concerning the Vedas (the sacred texts of Hinduism), different traditions of philosophy and the 5 faculties of Hindu legislation. He elaborates at the epic poems and the doctrine of incarnation embedded in them, and compares this historical poetry with that of Homer.

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41; Vishnu-purana, p. 413; Maha-bh. V. 343). 2 The Hindus have two roots for ' to sacrifice,' hu (=an older dhu= 6v) and yaj. The first is restricted to oblations of clarified butter in fire; the latter is applied to sacrificing, and honouring the gods with sacrifices generally. A third root, su, is used for offering libations with the juice of the Soma-plant, especially to the god Indra—the oldest form of sacrifice in India (note 1, p. 31). The idea of sacrifice is ingrained in the whole Hindu system.

In point of fact, I believe that this is not an unusual application of the term, and such phrases as 'heathenish conduct,' 'heathenish ideas,'are commonly current amongst us as opprobrious epithets. Are we, then, justified in still using this single term as a common label for all unbelievers in Christianity, however God-fearing and righteous (like Cornelius of old) they may be. We make an exception in favour of Muhanimadans, forgetting that corruptio optimi x>essima. True, the translators of the Bible generally use 'heathen' as an equivalent for ra i'6v,h 'Gentile nations;' but this rests on a false notion of tome etymological affinity between the two words.

B. Vinaya, ecclesiastical discipline, or works prescribing rules and penalties for the regulation of the lives of the monks (Bhikshukas, see p. 58). C. Abhidharma (Pali Ablddhamma), metaphysics and philosophy. These three classes of works were rehearsed at the first council by the Buddha's three pupils, Ananda, Upali, and Kd'syapa respectively. A. has five subdivisions, viz. 1. Digha-nikaya (dlrgha-n°), collections of long Sutras. 2. Majjhima-nihaya (niadhyama-rt0), collections of Sutras of a middling length.

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