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Comparative Religion

Judaism and World Religions: Encountering Christianity, by Alan Brill (auth.)

By Alan Brill (auth.)

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Additional resources for Judaism and World Religions: Encountering Christianity, Islam, and Eastern Traditions

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E. Urbach considered the sun imagery as merely figurative whereas the scholar of Hellenistic Jewry Erwin R. Goodenough considered these synagogues as inhabited by non-Rabbinic syncretic Jews. Emmanuel Friedman, a contemporary scholar, thinks that there were Jews who did indeed worship the sun. He notes that the Bible finds the worship of the sun as a continuous temptation for Israel and that the Talmud had to warn against the sun imagery (Deut 4:19 17:3, 2 Kings 21:5, 23:11-12 Jer 8:2, Ezekiel 8:16).

R. Judah said: [On that day] there was a day of idolatrous sacrifice to the Nile; everyone went to see it, but he [Joseph] did not go. R. Nehemiah said: It was a day of a theatrical performance, which all went to see, but he went into the house to work on his master’s accounts. The Mishnah warns against objects with “the image of a breastfeeding woman or of Serapis” as amulets with the Egyptian-Hellenistic deity, Serapis, and his consort, Isis. There are other representations of Isis lactans (Isis as a breastfeeding mother) as well that were prevalent in late antiquity.

Yes,” said he. ” Said R. Johanan to him: “Let your ears hear what you utter with your mouth! Precisely so is this spirit a spirit of uncleanness. ” (Zachariah 13:2) When the idolater had gone, R. Johanan’s disciples said to their master: “Master! ” Said he to them: “By your life! It is not the dead that defiles nor the water that purifies! The Holy One, blessed be He, merely says, ‘I have laid down a statute, I have issued a decree. ’”5 Helios During the second and third centuries, there was a rise in the worship of the sun as “Sol Invictus” (Invincible Sun).

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