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Linus Pauling: And the Chemistry of Life (Oxford Portraits by Tom Hager

By Tom Hager

Linus Pauling used to be crucial chemist, and arguably an important American scientist, of the 20 th century. From his description of the chemical bond to his discovery of the reason for sickle-cell anemia and his groundbreaking paintings with diet C, his paintings leaped over the limits of disciplines, together with chemistry, physics, biology, immunology, nuclear physics, and extra. Now during this fascinating new biography, acclaimed technological know-how author Tom Hager brings Pauling's wide variety of clinical accomplishments vividly to lifestyles whereas additionally laying off gentle on Pauling's actions open air the clinical realm. He indicates how Pauling used his medical reputation to aid strengthen political factors, quite the conflict opposed to the unfold of nuclear guns in the course of the Fifties. regardless of the difficulty his political activism triggered him, he remained unmoved in his commitment to creating the area a more secure position. His perseverance was once rewarded with a Nobel Peace Prize in 1963, making him the one individual in heritage to win unshared Nobels. In Linus Pauling, we examine a real a systematic sizeable: inventive, daring, and unafraid of an individual and something.

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Some of the older faculty members thought that Pauling was too young for such a position. 59 Linus Pauling Pouling's handwritten notes for o series of lectures he delivered at Cornell University in 1937. These lectures were published in I 939 as The Nature of the Chemical Bond, a book that is now considered one of the century's most important scientific works. 60 The Bond Ithaca, New York, where he had been asked to deliver the George Fisher Baker lectures. This prestigious appointment involved giving a series of talks on a single subject, which would then be published as a volume in the Baker series.

But how could his success lead to such a reaction? He held proudly aloof during this period, waiting for Millikan to come to him with an offer. But despite Noyes's wishes, Millikan refused to make Pauling chair of the division. It took the intervention of one of the most powerful men in science to break the impasse. " Rockefeller money built universities and careers and, especially during the Great Depression, was critical to keeping many science programs afloat, including those at Caltech. Weaver had a particular interest in Pauling, because he recognized that the young chemist's abilities might help him reach a treasured goal: to successfully apply the techniques of chemistry and physics to the field of biology.

And more-than-adequate research funding, from both private donors and philanthropic foundations, was assured by the presence of Arthur Noyes and the Institute's leader, Nobel Prize—winning physicist Robert Millikan. It was an exciting place to be for the new, 26-year-old assistant professor of theoretical chemistry, Linus Pauling. He was thrilled to have his first official office (a corner of the X-ray laboratory), his first graduate student (a Texan, J. Holmes Sturdivant, who quickly became a lifelong friend), and his first class to teach ("An Introduction to Wave Mechanics with Applications to Chemistry").

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