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Minimal Words in a Minimal Syntax: Word formation in Swedish by Gunlög Josefsson

By Gunlög Josefsson

In Minimal phrases in a minimum Syntax the writer combines an in depth description of the morphological constitution of phrases in Swedish with a bold new method of theoretical morphology, in keeping with the Minimalist software of Chomsky (1995) (as constructed for syntactic structure). The X-bar theoretic method of note constitution of the rules and Parameters framework is changed via a rule unfastened procedure incorporating in simple terms Merge and stream as constitution construction units. the writer argues that stems don't have any note type beneficial properties, that are supplied inflectional affixes (including subject matter vowels etc.). Inflectional and derivational affixes range in basic terms within the exterior syntactic requirement that inflectional affixes are linked to good points that require checking within the useful area. an immense research of compounding is integrated, the place binding parts are analyzed because of structural antisymmetry requisites a los angeles Kayne (1994). previous chestnuts of morphological thought, akin to the inspiration “head of a observe” and the character and constitution of the lexicon, are succinctly mentioned within the gentle of the theoretical proposals complex right here. at the empirical facet, there are long chapters related to the semantic characterization of prefixes and suffixes in Swedish, explaining their distribution when it comes to “types of Aktionsarten” imposed through the affix on its host.

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We do not only talk about abstract entities as Things, we also think of them as a Things at some level of understanding. A sketch of the principal ideas 39 is not a reflection of how the world truly is in itself, but a reflection of how we conceptualize the world, or in what "perspective" we choose to depict the world. g. nouns denote objects, but not in a simplistic and naive sense. Prototypical nouns are nouns where the stem in its prototype reading denotes a tangible and manipulable object. To use stems of this type in nouns confirms the prototypical major ontological category of the stem.

She picked a bad apple at the store. (12) a. I am afraid of the big silence. b. I am afraid of the big wolf. 35 Below an attempt will be made to describe the relation between stem and inflection, a description that catches both the intuition that prototypical nouns denote concrete objects, and the fact that abstract entities linguistically may be treated like objects. 13 As pointed out earlier, the proposed ideas are in many ways similar to those of Hale & Keyser (1993). The conceptual system contains, according to Jackendoff (1985), a finite number of primitives, so-called major ontological categories.

D. Vi fick ingen tvätt+tid den här veckan. we got no wash+time this week. e. Tvätt+processen tog två timmar. e. the laundry. For the examples in (14) the picture is less clear. Tvätt- in tvätt+korg in (14c) must denote the object laundry, since baskets are designed for containing concrete objects. Likewise, it is reasonable to assume that tvätt- in (14e) denotes the event or activity of washing. For the other compounds in (14) the major ontological category is difficult or impossible to determine.

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