By Mario Liverani
The essays incorporated during this quantity research vital ancient texts from numerous areas of the traditional close to East. the prestigious Italian historian Mario Liverani means that those historiographical texts have been of a "true" historic nature and that their literary kinds completed their meant effects. Liverani specializes in primary subject matters in those texts: delusion and politics.There is a detailed connection, Liverani reveals, among the writing of heritage and the validation of political order and political motion. historical past defines the proper position and behaviour of political leaders, in particular after they don't own the validation supplied via culture. historic texts, he discovers, are extra frequently the instruments for aiding swap than for assisting stability.Liverani demonstrates that heritage writing within the historical close to East made common use of legendary styles, knowledge motifs, and literary subject matters for you to satisfy its audience's cultural expectancies. The ensuing nonhistorical literary varieties can deceive interpretation, yet an research of those types permits the texts' sociopolitical and communicative frameworks to emerge.
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Extra resources for Myth and Politics in Ancient Near Eastern Historiography (Studies in Egyptology & the Ancient Near East)
All of those are juxtaposed without question, as if they were all ‘pieces of information’, equally reliable and equally important (Hardy 1941). The reigns following these three are all evaluated in negative terms, in imitation of the Edict. Moral judgements are included in the sentences marking the transition from one reign to the next: ‘Although the Hittite kingdom had indeed experienced bad times during the reign of Hantili, more evil was to befall it after his death’; ‘Misfortune for the royal family and for the state continued, more trouble beset Ammuna than had come to his predecessors’; or ‘When Ammuna died, conspiracy in the royal family and among the nobles began anew’ (Hardy 1941: 207–8).
Let us just consider the attempts to read the name Adapa to make it like Adam, or the impossible comparison between the Mesopotamian city of Eridu and biblical Paradise, etc. I have to disagree with the equation Ea = Yahweh, as suggested in the study of Buccellati 1973: 64–5. On the other hand, I think that the structural correspondences between Ea and the snake, and Anu and Yahweh, are quite obvious. ’ (Gen. 33 My proposal is to compare the two myths according to the following sequence: (1) By intervention of Ea/of the snake, Adapa/Adam acquires wisdom (about heaven + earth / good + evil).
PART TWO Hittite Anatolia 2 Telipinu, or: on solidarity* INTRODUCTION In the seventeenth and sixteenth centuries, the Hittites created a centralised state in Anatolia often referred to as the Hittite Old Kingdom. Later historical tradition from the second half of the second millennium remembered this period as one where a number of strong and powerful kings, the ancestors of the Hittite royal house, were succeeded by a confused set of weak ones. Of the powerful ones, Hattushili I was regarded as the creator of the state, while his successor, Murshili I, was the great conqueror of Aleppo in northern Syria and of Babylon in southern Mesopotamia.