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Nuclear South Asia: Keywords and Concepts by Rajesh Rajagopalan, Atul Mishra

By Rajesh Rajagopalan, Atul Mishra

This dictionary presents a finished and prepared advisor to the most important strategies, matters, individuals, and applied sciences with regards to the nuclear programmes of India and Pakistan and different South Asian states. it will function an invaluable reference specially because the nuclear factor is still a massive household and overseas coverage concern.

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On the other hand, none of these analyses entirely discount the relevance of other factors, such as domestic politics and the state of india’s nuclear technology and international status. nevertheless, there is one element that has not been addressed in the security-based explanations that substantially weakens the argument: why india did not respond to the Chinese test in 1964, and why india did not follow up the 1974 test with a weapons program. Though no explicitly security-based argument has been provided yet, 12 Nuclear South Asia a review of various ad hoc explanations for india’s behavior suggests that there are valid security-based arguments that explain the indian nuclear path both in the pre- and post-1974 periods.

6 October: india announces before the United nations General Assembly (UnGA) that it will not sign the nuclear non-Proliferation Treaty (nPT). Either late 1967 or early 1968: Scientists at BArC may have begun working on development of a nuclear weapon using plutonium. 1968 The process of designing the nuclear explosive device to be used in the Pokhran test begins. 1970 6 March: The nPT becomes effective. April: Vikram Sarabhai orders a cost-benefit analysis of a nuclear weapons program for india.

Needing Pakistan no more, the US imposed sanctions on Pakistan but these were, predictably, of no effect. Pakistan’s case shows the limited effect that the non-proliferation regime has had on a determined proliferator as well as the strength and single-mindedness of Pakistan’s pursuit of nuclear weapons. After the US imposed the Pressler Amendment, washington did offer a way out: a bargain. if the Pakistanis agreed to give up their nuclear weapons, washington would restart military aid. For obvious reasons, Pakistan refused because even if the Americans lived up to their promises (which was not necessary anymore since the US did not need Pakistan as much anymore) conventional weapons could not match the deterrent effect that nuclear weapons had.

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