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Parliaments politics cromwellian by Patrick Little, David L. Smith

By Patrick Little, David L. Smith

This ground-breaking quantity fills a huge historiographical hole by means of offering the firstdetailed book-length learn of the interval of the Protectorate Parliaments fromSeptember 1654 to April 1659. The research is especially vast in its scope, overlaying topicsas diversified because the British and Irish dimensions of the Protectorate Parliaments, thepolitical and social nature of factions, difficulties of administration, the felony and judicialaspects of Parliament’s capabilities, international coverage, and the character of the parliamentaryfranchise and elections during this interval. In its wide-ranging research of Parliaments andpolitics in the course of the Protectorate, the ebook additionally examines either Lord Protectors, allthree Protectorate Parliaments, and the explanations why Oliver and Richard Cromwellwere by no means capable of in attaining a reliable operating dating with any Parliament. Itschronological insurance extends to the death of the 3rd Protectorate Parliament inApril 1659. This complete account will entice historians of early modernBritish political historical past

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Speeches of Oliver Cromwell (1989), p. 50 (emphasis added); see Lomas–Carlyle, II, 379–80. Roots, Speeches of Oliver Cromwell, p. 51. 20 On 18 November control of the armed forces was also claimed as a right of Parliament, ‘as a trust derived from them and reposed in them, for the good of the nation’, and, although Cromwell might be accorded an ‘equal share’ of that trust, Parliament reserved the right to withhold it from his successors altogether. 21 Despite such criticism in debate, the more extreme claims of parliamentary sovereignty did not make a lasting impression on the final version of the Parliamentary Constitution drawn up in January 1655.

25 Burton, I, lxv–lxvi. 27 This principle was also enshrined in chapter 59 of the Parliamentary Constitution (resolved on 12 January 1655), which refused to allow ‘that the article herein contained, nor any of them, shall be altered, repealed or suspended without the consent of the Lord Protector and Parliament’. This was a far cry from the Instrument’s status as ‘the very foundation’ of the Protectoral state. 29 Only two days later, in exasperation, he dissolved it. The Remonstrance introduced by civilian ‘courtiers’ on 23 February 1657 was above all a monarchical document.

The new oath for the Protector was also to take ‘such form as shall be agreed upon by your highness and this present Parliament’ (article 17), and articles 14 and 15 tried to extend (if not perpetuate) the present Parliament, asserting that the present body would not dissolve automatically once the Humble Petition was enacted, and stating that all previous legislation ‘not contrary’ to the constitution would ‘remain in force’. Such measures made it plain that Parliament was now expected to be a permanent, and potent, part of any new regime.

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