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Perceiving Environmental Quality: Research and Applications by Dr. Kenneth H. Craik, Dr. Ervin H. Zube (auth.), Dr. Kenneth

By Dr. Kenneth H. Craik, Dr. Ervin H. Zube (auth.), Dr. Kenneth H. Craik, Dr. Ervin H. Zube (eds.)

The goal of this booklet is to file on a sequence of analysis workshops which tested where of environmental notion in a complete method of indices for assessing and tracking developments in environmental caliber. the categorical pursuits of the workshops have been to: (1) outline the state of the art in study on belief of environmental caliber and determine salient conceptual and methodological matters; (2) delineate capability makes use of of perceived environmental caliber indices (PEQIs) and similar concerns concerning ways that PEQIs may improve implementation, revision, or refinement of coverage orientations; (3) determine the kinds of study which might verify accurately the efficacy of the advance and the appliance of PEQIs; and (4) out­ line a practical, pragmatic study approach that pertains to strength makes use of and pointed out coverage concerns. The workshops have been supported by way of 'a provide from the nationwide technology starting place, No. GSOC75-0782, and have been held through the spring and summer time of 1975 in Amherst, Massachusetts, and manhattan urban. Contributed chapters for this quantity have been commissioned with money from the Institute for guy and atmosphere, collage of Massachusetts. medical participants to the certainty of environmental in step with­ ception have elevated considerably over the past decade, in addition to reputation that this realm of information is essential for an educated point of view on-the influence of guy at the setting. while, there exists normal consensus that the sector is still diffuse and uncoor­ dinated (Lowenthal, 1972b).

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In contrast, as a source of outdoor recreation and satisfaction, the environment functions both as psychological stimulus and as a setting for social interaction. Except for a few solitary recreational pursuits, most recreational activities involve interaction's with both the social and the physical environment. The perception of the quality of the recreational environment, therefore, may be as much a function of the interpersonal activities as of the physical setting which accommodates them. Peterson (Chapter 4) suggests, for example, that social carrying capacity or the level of crowding is an important dimension of the perceived satisfaction of wilderness recreation.

PREFERENTIAL JUDGMENTS VERSUS COMPARATIVE APPRAISALS One objection to subjective measures is the wide variance in responses when individuals are asked to express their personal opinion of an aspect of their environment. In light of this objection, K. D. Fines (1968) asked subjects to rate landscapes according to their scenic beauty rather than personal preference, hoping thereby to appeal to a universal standard of landscape quality. In this discussion a distinction is made between two types of observer-based assessment.

How did they decide one was a 4-star view of Notre Dame, and another side of Notre Dame was only a 3-star view or a 2-star view? Surely, a few people decided, but over a long term, over a couple hundred years that's been fairly well agreed upon, and the amazing thing is that it's cross-cultural. " And you tend to agree. I guess it's that part that I think you wanted to get at in the comparative appraisal. If over time we could do that, not 200 years with the Michelin Guide elitist approach, but within a few years, with a social science approach, then that's going to give it more substance in speaking to policy issues.

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