By Martin Riesebrodt
Fundamentalists wanted a go back to an "authentic" social order ruled by way of God's legislations, one certain by means of patriarchal constructions of authority and morality. either hobbies recommended a strict gender dualism and have been preoccupied with controlling the feminine physique, which was once seen because the significant risk to public morality.
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Additional resources for Pious Passion: The Emergence of Modern Fundamentalism in the United States and Iran
2 ASCETIC PROTESTANTISM AND POLITICS Protestantism in colonial North America began with the establishment of the Anglican church in Virginia in 1607, but it was shaped primarily by its development in the New England states. There it assumed the form of ascetic Protestantism as it evolved amid the tension of CalvinistPuritan conceptions of election and order, on the one hand, and BaptistPietist hopes for individual redemption and salvation, on the other. The Calvinist traditions of integration into an objective order and the inscrutable caprice of a transcendent God were embodied most markedly in the Massachusetts Bay Colony, founded in 1630.
And how are these experiences expressed in the ideology and behavior of fundamentalism? CHAPTER 2 Protestant Fundamentalism in the United States, 1910-1928 Radical-traditionalist reactions to rapid social change are found in all religions of salvation and redemption. In societies predominantly influenced by Christianity, however, different reactions occur depending on whether the dominant faith is Catholicism, Lutheranism, or ascetic Protestantism. Catholic countries have produced mainly right-wing radical movements with anti-Christian to clerical leanings; in Lutheran countries we find mainly secular right-wing radical movements.
First, this definition avoids decisionism. Fundamentalism is not reduced here to a single phenomenon, but in conformity with academic usage a multitude of fundamentalisms coincide on the basis of common major features. At the same time, however, this multitude is structured and bounded by certain criteria, that is, attitudes toward the world and organizational forms. The goal of combining a broad definition with a typological differentiation has been to provide a foundation for a historical and comparative sociology of fundamentalism.