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Environmental Economics

Property Valuation Principles (Building & Surveying) by David Isaac

By David Isaac

This identify presents a simple advent to valuation for undergraduate scholars learning surveying. It covers 5 components of analysis: valuation and markets; equipment of valuation; the funding procedure intimately; taxation and statutory valuations; and the improvement appraisal and finance. due to learning from this article, scholars will be capable of comprehend estate appraisal within the context of estate markets, comprehend and use the main tools of valuation, comprehend the applying of valuations in a number of funding and improvement contexta, and start to narrate thoughts of appraisal to a much wider monetary context on the topic of estate improvement, finance and the monetary administration of estate tasks.

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Brown, G. R. (1991) Property Investment and the Capital Markets, E. & F. N. Spon, London. Darlow, C. ) (1983) Valuation and Investment Appraisal, Estates Gazette, London. 4 The process of valuation Types of valuation Market valuation and the ‘Red Book’ Sources of information for the valuer on the Web AIMS AND OBJECTIVES This chapter examines the process of valuation and introduces the basic methods. It distinguishes the different types of valuation, especially open market valuation. It concludes with an overview of the Valuation and Appraisal Manual of the Royal Institution of Chartered Surveyors.

1 THE QUALITIES OF AN INVESTMENT The approach to the analysis of what is required of an investment is best done as a checklist of questions and answers. The major question is: What does an investor expect from the investment? e. ). 1, which compares the characteristics of a number of possible investment opportunities. Some investments out-perform others in this comparison but the characteristics of the investment types also involve start-up costs and security. 1 The characteristics of investment compared with types of investment Characteristics of investment Type of investment Tenanted house Shares Index linked government stock (ILG*) Building society accounts Premium bonds Security of nominal capital depends on the market if tenants vacate, yes; otherwise depends depends on company yes yes yes Security of income no no depends on company yes yes no Regularity of income no yes yes yes yes no Ease of purchase and sale no no yes yes yes yes Low cost of purchase and sale no no no yes yes yes Divisibility no no yes yes yes yes Real security/ growth (hedge against inflation) depends depends depends yes no no 21 * ILG = Index Linked Gilts.

The property boom of the late 1980s in the UK was fuelled by bank finance mainly from overseas and foreign banks. The bubble in the Japanese economy in the late 1980s was also fuelled by easy bank finance. A scheme referred to by some as ‘property pin-ball’ suggested that banks generated the inflation in values by constantly arranging for the buying and selling of the same property with appropriate increases in value. The banks benefited from the fees on the transactions but also provided the inflated valuations so that the process could carry on until the bubble burst, leading to the collapse of the property market and three major banks becoming insolvent.

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