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Racial Crossings: Race, Intermarriage, and the Victorian by Damon Ieremia Salesa

By Damon Ieremia Salesa

The Victorians have been fascinated by intersections among diversified races. no matter if in sexual or household partnerships, in interracial young ones, racially diversified groups or societies, those 'racial crossings' have been a long-lasting Victorian drawback. yet in an period of imperial growth, while slavery was once abolished, colonial wars have been fought, and Britain itself was once reformed, those matters have been greater than educational. In either the British empire and imperial Britain, racial crossings formed what humans thought of race, the long run, the prior, and the behavior and probabilities of empire. Victorian fears of miscegenation and degeneration are popular; this learn turns to it seems that contrary rules the place racial crossing was once noticeable as a method of development, a manner of constructing new societies, or a style for furthering the guideline of legislation and the dominion of Heaven. Salesa explores how and why the preoccupation with racial crossings got here to be so very important, so various, and so extensively shared in the course of the writings and studies of a raft of contributors: from Victorian politicians and writers, to philanthropists and scientists, to these on the razor's fringe of empire - from squaddies, missionaries, and settlers, to 'natives', 'half-castes' and different colonized humans. Anchored within the remarkable heritage of colonial New Zealand, the place the colonial coverage of 'racial amalgamation' sought to include and intermarry settlers and New Zealand M=aori, Racial Crossings examines colonial encounters, operating heavily with indigenous principles and reviews, to place Victorian racial perform and notion into sharp, serious, aid.

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150–177; Pike, Paradise of Dissent. Buller was also acting as an agent for the Australian Patriotic Association (who sought emancipation in New South Wales). Zoë Laidlaw, personal communication. 42 Racial Crossings reform was not coincidental. As the Colonial Reformers showed, both conceptually and in their network of personnel, these matters were closely connected—in figures like Lords Durham, Howick and Glenelg, and the fingers of men such as Wakefield and Buller. 66) The discursive connections were laid plain in racial amalgamation: such policies followed the same rationality, were couched in closely similar language, whether the Durham Report or the writings of systematic colonizers.

292, 287–9. 53 Thomas, The Philosophic Radicals, p. 403. ), The Durham Report, 2, pp. 288, 79. 55 Janet Azjenstat, The Political Thought of Lord Durham (Kingston, 1987), p. 109n. She quotes this passage of the Report herself, p. 4. T. Leader, the radical MP, in his Commons’ speech on the Canadian situation: It was only recently that a gentleman had been arguing with him [Leader] that the beavers were the first possessors of North America: they were driven out by the Indians, who had too much intelligence and skill for them.

T. Leader, Hansard, 3rd series, 1839, xlviii, col. 1205. , col. 1198. 59 J. Pakington, Hansard, 3rd series, 1840, liv, col. 716. 60 Hansard, 3rd series, 1839, xlvii, cols. 1254–75. 61 Buller, Hansard, 3rd series, 1839, xlvii, col. 1202. Amalgamating Races 41 régime, with its primarily agricultural and supposedly ‘priest-ridden’ ways. As with emancipation, union would incorporate through supposed terms of ‘equality’ while ensuring that differentiations and inequities were renewed, maintained or established.

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