By Stefano Mazzoleni, Gaetano di Pasquale, Mark Mulligan, Paolo di Martino, Francisco Rego
The Mediterranean zone has been formed by way of human task and maintained via conventional practices of land use for centuries. This has affected the distribution of vegetation and the panorama, that are regarded as a part of the ecu cultural landscape. This booklet information the swift adjustments that experience taken position within the crops of the Mediterranean within the final half-century, a interval during which significant socio-economic improvement drastically affected the cultural and actual landscape.Content:
Chapter 1 Large?Scale Post?Glacial Distribution of crops constructions within the Mediterranean quarter (pages 1–12): Professor Emeritus Pierre Quezel
Chapter 2 woodland historical past within the Mediterranean quarter (pages 13–20): Gaetano Di Pasquale, Paolo Di Martino and Stefano Mazzoleni
Chapter three woodland hide adjustments within the Maghreb nations with unique connection with Morocco (pages 21–31): Mohamed Rejdali
Chapter four Long?Term commentary of Mediterranean Ecosystems with satellite tv for pc distant Sensing (pages 33–43): Joachim Hill, Patrick Hostert and Achim Roder
Chapter five panorama Dynamics in a Semi?Arid Mediterranean Catchment (SE Spain) (pages 45–56): Andreu Bonet, Juan Bellot and Juan Pena
Chapter 6 contemporary panorama Evolution in Dehesa Woodlands of Western Spain (pages 57–72): P. Regato?Pajares, S. Jimenez?Caballero, M. Castejon and R. Elena?Rossello
Chapter 7 panorama Dynamics in South?Eastern Sicily within the final one hundred fifty Years: The Case of the Iblei Mountains (pages 73–80): Gaetano Di Pasquale, Giuseppe Garfi and Antonello Migliozzi
Chapter eight Land?use alterations and panorama Dynamics in Western Crete (pages 81–93): Vasilios P. Papanastasis, Ioannis Ispikoudis, Margarita Arianoutsou, Petros Kakouros and Angelos Kazaklis
Chapter nine Man–Landscape Relationships in Mediterranean parts: A research of panorama alterations within the Mount Carmel (pages 95–104): Maxim Shoshany, Naftaly Goldshlager, Pua Kutiel and Daniel Grossman
Chapter 10 The impression of alterations in Land Use on Ecological styles in Provence (Mediterranean France) (pages 105–120): Thierry Tatoni, Frederic Medail, Philippe Roche and Marcel Barbero
Chapter eleven plants Dynamics and Land Use in Epirus (pages 121–141): Sander van der Leeuw
Chapter 12 contemporary alterations of Coastal and Sub?Mountain crops panorama in Campania and Molise areas in Southern Italy (pages 143–155): Stefano Mazzoleni, Paolo Di Martino, Sandro Strumia, Maurizio Buonanno and Maria Bellelli
Chapter thirteen effects of Rural Abandonment in a Northern Apennines panorama (Tuscany, Italy) (pages 157–165): Giuliana Torta
Chapter 14 adjustments within the Forested Agricultural panorama of the Pisan Hills (Tuscany, Italy) (pages 167–178): Andrea Bertacchi and Antonino Onnis
Chapter 15 historic crops Dynamics: Archive and Pollen proof for old Grassland and Plantation in Nineteenth?century Liguria (NW Italy) (pages 179–187): Diego Moreno, Carlo Montanari, Maria Angela Guido and Giuseppina Poggi
Chapter sixteen Rural adjustments and panorama in Serra da Malcata, imperative East of Portugal (pages 189–200): J. Luis Coelho?Silva, Francisco Castro Rego, Sofia Castelbranco Silveira, C. Paula Cardoso Goncalves and Carlos Alberto Machado
Chapter 17 panorama Dynamics within the region of Serra Da Arrabida and the Sado River Estuary (pages 201–209): Paulo Godinho Ferreira, Mario Almeida, Alexandra Fernandes, Paola Codipietro and Francisco Castro Rego
Chapter 18 adjustments in panorama constitution of the normal Park of Alvao (Portugal) (pages 211–216): Isabel Timoteo, Joao Bento, Francisco Castro Rego and Adelaide Fernandes
Chapter 19 Land Abandonment and the Spreading of the wooded area within the japanese French Pyrenees within the 19th to 20th Centuries (pages 217–236): Jean Paul Metailie and Martin Paegelow
Chapter 20 The traditional Dynamics of deserted Chestnut Stands in Southern Switzerland (pages 237–247): Marco Conedera, Pietro Stanga, Bernhard Oester and Peter Bachmann
Chapter 21 woodland disguise development, Land?use and Socio?Economic adjustments at the fringe of the Mediterranean (pages 249–256): Lidija Globevnik, Mitja Kaligaric and Andrej Sovinc
Chapter 22 weather switch, Land?use switch and the “Desertification” of Mediterranean Europe (pages 257–279): Mark Mulligan, Sophia M. Burke and M. Concepcion Ramos
Chapter 23 end: Reversing the Consensus on Mediterranean Desertification (pages 281–285): Stefano Mazzoleni, Gaetano Di Pasquale and Mark Mulligan
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Extra resources for Recent Dynamics of the Mediterranean Vegetation and Landscape
The characteristic plant forms above the tree line are of the arctic-alpine semi-desert type. They are dominated by the spiny and cushion-shaped camaephytic plants formed by Astragalus armatus, Erinacea anthyllis, Ononis atlantica, Cytisus battandieri and others. These areas are characterised by a high degree of endemism. On the river banks, besides Populus species, Salix sp. Alnus glutinosa, and Fraxinus, there are the striking 25 flowered Nerium oleander and Vitex agnus-castus, and in more dry environments, Tamarix spp.
G. g. Thomas and Middleton, 1994). Whether these areas are just exhibiting typical elements of climatic and edaphic aridity, or whether they are, or have been, undergoing degradation processes triggered by physiographic and socio-economic boundary conditions, has been difficult to determine. Even less is known about related process dynamics, timescales and, in particular, the precise location of affected areas. Remote sensing studies of the Iberian Peninsula, obviously influenced by the sheer size of the “Iberian Subcontinent”, have merely concentrated on the analysis of images acquired with meteorological satellites, such as the NOAA-AVHRR4 .
1 Physical features The study area lies in western North Africa. It holds a strategic position geographically as it is isolated from the neighbouring regions by the Mediterranean coast to the north, the Atlantic Ocean in the west and by the Sahara Desert to the south and east. Climate is of primary importance in the Maghreb and its influence on vegetation is very clear. The climate overall is typically Mediterranean with the exception of the far south. The rainfall is restricted to the cold or relatively cold months (autumn to spring), while summer is hot and dry.