By Sima Qian, Burton Watson
Sima Qian (145?-90? BCE) was once the 1st significant chinese language historian. His "Shiji," or "Records of the Grand Historian," records the historical past of China and its neighboring nations from the traditional earlier to his personal time. those 3 volumes hide the Qin and Han dynasties.
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Additional resources for Records of the Grand Historian
Forty-fourth year: Qin attacked Hann’s Nan Province and seized it. Forty-fifth year: the fifth rank counsellor Ben attacked Hann and seized ten cities. The ducal son Kui, Lord Sheyang, left the capital to proceed to his fief, but died before arriving. King Zhaoxiang forty-seventh year (260 BC): Qin attacked Hann’s region of Shangdang, which surrendered to the state of Zhao. Qin then launched an attack on Zhao. Zhao dispatched troops to meet the attack, and for a time they were stalemated. Qin then dispatched Bai Qi, Lord Wuan, to press the attack, and he inflicted a crushing defeat on Zhao at Changping, killing the entire force of over 400,000 men.
Twenty-fourth year: the Qin ruler met with the king of Chu at Yan and again at Rang. Qin seized the Wei city of Ancheng and advanced as far as Daliang, but Yan and Zhao came to its rescue and the Qin army withdraw. Wei Ran resigned as prime minister. King Zhaoxiang twenty-fifth year: Qin captured two of Zhao’s cities. The Qin ruler met with the king of Hann at Xincheng, and with the king of Wei at Xinming city. Twenty-sixth year: Qin pardoned criminals and moved them to the region of Rang. Wei Ran resumed the post of prime minister.
Later, when the 300 men heard that Qin was about to attack Jin, they all asked to join in the attack. They were thus among the troops accompanying the duke, and when they saw him hard pressed, they all brandished their spears and fought to the death in order to repay the kindness he had shown them with regard to the horseflesh. Thus Duke Mu was able to take the ruler of Jin prisoner and return with him to Qin. He circulated an order throughout the state, saying, “Fast until tomorrow. ” Duke Mu said, “I supposed it was an illustrious feat to have captured the Jin ruler.